Are smokers with HIV using information and communication technology? Implications for behavioral interventions.

Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.
AIDS and Behavior (Impact Factor: 3.49). 03/2011; 16(2):383-8. DOI: 10.1007/s10461-011-9914-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Smoking is highly prevalent among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and associated with adverse outcomes including malignancy and cardiovascular disease. Information and communication technology (ICT) may be effective in disseminating cessation interventions among PLWHA. This study examines the prevalence of ICT use among 492 PLWHA attending an urban clinic and characteristics associated with ICT use. Participants completed a survey of demographics, smoking status, and ICT use. Factors associated with ICT use were examined with logistic regression. Overall, 63% of participants smoked with 73% of smokers owning their own cell phone. Use of other modalities was lower, with 48% of smokers reporting any internet use, 39% text messaging, and 31% using email. Higher education was associated with the use of all modalities. Cell phone interventions may have the broadest reach among PLWHA, though with almost half using the internet, this may also be a low-cost means of delivering cessation interventions.

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