Estimation of municipal solid waste generation and landfill area in Asian developing countries.

Division of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka - 565-0871, Japan.
Journal of Environmental Biology (Impact Factor: 0.55). 09/2010; 31(5):649-54.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In developing Asian countries, the municipal cooperations are unable to handle the increasing amount of municipal solid waste, which into the uncollected waste being spread on roads and in other public areas leading to tremendous pollution and destruction of land and negative impact on human health. Generation of municipal solid waste increases with the rapid urbanization and accelerated economic development with in the rapidly growing advanced technological societies. The nature of municipal solid waste is a term usually applied to a heterogeneous collection group of waste produced in urban areas, the nature of which varies from region to region. The common problem faced by all developing Asian countries, is the disposal of municipal solid waste and availability of land fill site area. Present study explains the correlation analysis of among different factors of municipal solid waste and the objective is to assess the future municipal solid waste stream in Asian developing countries. The other goal of this study was to calculate the future land area that would be required for landfill site disposal in Asian developing countries.

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    ABSTRACT: The city of Astana, capital of Kazakhstan with population of 804,474 generates approximately 1.39 kg/inh./day of municipal solid waste while collection rate is higher than 72% (MSW). An MBT plant of planned capacity of 600-800 tn/day and a new landfill cell of about 2 million tones are in place. Preliminary studies showed that the MSW composition is as follows: food and garden waste 29.5%, plastics 18.5%, paper 13%, glass 14.5%, textiles 9.5%, metals 0.9% and others 14.1%. About 23-34 tons of recyclables (paper, metal, glass, PET bottles, HDPE film, HDPE plastic, etc.) is separated in the existing MBT daily. In 2014 it is planned to implement separate waste collection in places of waste accumulation and a waste separation at source system. The purpose of the study is to assess the current situation of municipal solid waste in Astana and implement a Decision Support Software tool developed by the research team in order to analyse data, compare alternative waste management scenarios and propose a holistic approach in solid waste management planning. The latest available data on waste generation, composition and existing infrastructure were used in order to identify the baseline situation. This is the first research of this type conducted in Kazakhstan.
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