Comparison of fluorescence reagents for simultaneous determination of hydroxylated phenylalanine and nitrated tyrosine by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection.
ABSTRACT Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are well-known and important contributors to oxidative and nitrosative stress in several diseases. Hydroxylated phenylalanine and nitrated tyrosine products appear to be particularly susceptible targets of oxidative and nitrosative stress. We compared fluorescence reagents for their potential use in the analysis of hydroxylated phenylalanine and nitrated tyrosine products with a high-sensitivity and high-specificity HPLC-UV-FL technique. The analytes were extracted from serum via solid-phase extraction on Waters Oasis MCX cartridges. Chromatographic separation was achieved on an ODS column (Capcell Pak MG II; 150 × 2.0 mm) using a gradient mobile phase consisting of 20 mm sodium phosphate buffer (adjusted to pH 3.0) and acetonitrile. The method quantification limit for 4-nitrophenylalanine, m-tyrosine, and 3-nitrotyrosine was 0.1 μm. The relative standard deviation of the precision and accuracy was acceptable at the spiked concentration of 0.1 μm for 4-nitrophenylalanine, m-tyrosine and 3-nitrotyrosine. The method could be used for the in vitro analysis of serum samples.
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ABSTRACT: Metabolomics is a new approach that is based on the systematic study of the full complement of metabolites in a biological sample. Metabolomics has the potential to fundamentally change clinical chemistry and, by extension, the fields of nutrition, toxicology, and medicine. However, it can be difficult to separate highly polar compounds. Mass spectrometry (MS), in combination with capillary electrophoresis (CE), gas chromatography (GC), or high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is the key analytical technique on which emerging "omics" technologies, namely, proteomics, metabolomics, and lipidomics, are based. In this review, we introduce various methods for the separation of highly polar metabolites.Metabolites. 01/2012; 2(3):496-515.
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ABSTRACT: Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid and its metabolites relate to various physiological and immune functions of living organisms. To monitor the alteration of concentration of primary and secondary phenethylamines including N-methyltyramine, octopamine, tyramine, tyrosine and phenylalanine in the metabolic pathway of phenylalanine, a sensitive and selective reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method has been developed in this study. The identification and quantification of phenethylamines were performed by fluorescent detection after pre-column derivatization with 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-8-(N-hydroxysuccinimidyl butyric ester)difluoroboradiaza-s-indacene, an excellent fluorescent probe which could react with both primary and secondary amino groups simultaneously. The derivatization was carried out at 25°C for 25min, and the separation was performed on a C18 column within 20min. The linear ranges were from 2.0 to 100nM for phenylalanine and tyramine to 5.0 to 250 for tyrosine and octopamine, with the detection limits of 0.1nM for octopamine, tyramine, tyrosine and phenylalanine and 0.2nM for N-methyltyramine (signal-to-noise ratio=3), which allowed for the sure determination of phenethylamines at trace levels in the real samples without complex pretreatment or enrichment during multitudinous samples analysis. The proposed method has been validated by the analysis of the five target compounds in biological samples with spiked recoveries of 96.4-104.4% and the relative standard deviation of 1.0 and 4.4%.Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 07/2014; 967C:69-74. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We developed a liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous quantitative determination of C18 sphingosine (Sph), C18 dihydrosphingosine (dhSph), C18 phytosphingosine (pSph), C18 sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), C18 dihydrosphingosine-1-phosphate (dhS1P), and C18 phytosphingosine-1-phosphate (pS1P). Samples were prepared by simple methanol deproteinization and analyzed in selected reaction monitoring modes. No peak tailing was observed on the chromatograms using a Capcell Pak ACR column (1.5 mm i.d. × 250 mm, 3 μm, Shiseido). The calibration curves of the sphingoids showed good linearity (r > 0.996) over the range of 0.050-5.00 pmol per injection. The accuracy and precision of this method were demonstrated using four representative biological samples (serum, brain, liver, and spleen) from mice that contained known amounts of the sphingoids. Samples of mice tissue such as plasma, brain, eye, testis, liver, kidney, lung, spleen, lymph node, and thymus were examined for their Sph, dhSph, pSph, S1P, dhS1P, and pS1P composition. The results confirmed the usefulness of this method for the physiological and pathological analysis of the composition of important sphingoids.Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 04/2012; 403(7):1897-905. · 3.66 Impact Factor