Article

Slip effects in polymer thin films.

Department of Experimental Physics, Saarland University, D-66041 Saarbrücken, Germany.
Journal of Physics Condensed Matter (Impact Factor: 2.36). 01/2010; 22(3):033102. DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/22/3/033102
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT Probing the fluid dynamics of thin films is an excellent tool for studying the solid/liquid boundary condition. There is no need for external stimulation or pumping of the liquid, due to the fact that the dewetting process, an internal mechanism, acts as a driving force for liquid flow. Viscous dissipation, within the liquid, and slippage balance interfacial forces. Thus, friction at the solid/liquid interface plays a key role towards the flow dynamics of the liquid. Probing the temporal and spatial evolution of growing holes or retracting straight fronts gives, in combination with theoretical models, information on the liquid flow field and, especially, the boundary condition at the interface. We review the basic models and experimental results obtained during the last several years with exclusive regard to polymers as ideal model liquids for fluid flow. Moreover, concepts that aim to explain slippage on the molecular scale are summarized and discussed.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
105 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a combined x-ray and neutron reflectivity study characterizing the interface between polystyrene (PS) and silanized surfaces. Motivated by the large difference in slip velocity of PS on top of dodecyl-trichlorosilane (DTS) and octadecyl-trichlorosilane (OTS) found in previous studies, these two systems were chosen for the present investigation. The results reveal the molecular conformation of PS on silanized silicon. Differences in the molecular tilt of OTS and DTS are replicated by the adjacent phenyl rings of the PS. We discuss our findings in terms of a potential link between the microscopic interfacial structure and dynamic properties of polymeric liquids at interfaces.
    Physical Review E 01/2013; 87(1-1):012306. · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The stability of thin poly(methyl-methacrylate) (PMMA) films of low molecular weight on a solid substrate is controlled by the areal coverage of gold nanoparticles (NPs) present at the air-polymer interface. As the polymer becomes liquid the Au NPs are free to diffuse, coalesce, and aggregate while the polymer film can change its morphology through viscous flow. These processes lead at the same time to the formation of a fractal network of Au NPs and to the development of spinodal instabilities of the free surface of the polymer films. For thinner films a single wavelength is observed, while for thicker films two wavelengths compete. With continued heating the aggregation process results in a decrease in coverage, the networks evolve into disordered particle assemblies, while the polymer films flatten again. The disordering occurs first on the smallest scales and coincides (in thicker films) with the disappearance of the smaller wavelength. The subsequent disordering on larger scales causes the films to flatten.
    Langmuir 05/2013; · 4.19 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The stability of polystyrene thin films of low molecular weight on a solid substrate is shown to be controlled by the presence of uniformly distributed gold sputtered at the air–polymer interface. Continuous gold coverage causes the formation of wrinkles. High coverage and Au nanoparticle (NP) density leads to the development of a spinodal instability while low coverage and NP density retards the nucleation dewetting mechanism that beads up the thin polymer film into drops when no coverage is present. Heating at temperature larger than the polymer glass transition temperature for extended periods allows the gold NPs to coalesce and rearrange. The area of polymer surface covered by NPs decreases as a result and this drives the films from unstable to metastable states. When the gold NPs are interconnected by polymer chains a theoretically predicted spinodal instability that patterns the film surface is experimentally observed. Suppression of the instability and a return to a flat film occurs when the polymer interconnections between particles are broken. While the polymer films maintain their physical continuity changes in their chemical surface composition and thickness are observed. The observed film metastability is nevertheless in agreement with theoretical prediction that includes these surface changes.
    Soft Matter 05/2013; 9:2695–2702. · 3.91 Impact Factor

Full-text (3 Sources)

View
36 Downloads
Available from
May 20, 2014

Oliver Bäumchen