Procedure-Type Risk Categories for Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Catheterization
ABSTRACT The Congenital Cardiac Catheterization Project on Outcomes (C3PO) was established to develop outcome assessment methods for pediatric catheterization.
Six sites have been recording demographic, procedural and immediate outcome data on all cases, using a web-based system since February 2007. A sample of data was independently audited for validity and data completeness. In 2006, participants categorized 84 procedure types into 6 categories by anticipated risk of an adverse event (AE). Consensus and empirical methods were used to determine final procedure risk categories, based on the outcomes: any AE (level 1 to 5); AE level 3, 4, or 5; and death or life-threatening event (level 4 or 5). The final models were then evaluated for validity in a prospectively collected data set between May 2008 and December 31, 2009. Between February 2007 and April 2008, 3756 cases were recorded, 558 (14.9%) with any AE; 226 (6.0%) level 3, 4, or 5; and 73 (1.9%) level 4 or 5. General estimating equations models using 6 consensus-based risk categories were moderately predictive of AE occurrence (c-statistics: 0.644, 0.664, and 0.707). The participant panel made adjustments based on the collected empirical data supported by clinical judgment. These decisions yielded 4 procedure risk categories; the final models had improved discrimination, with c-statistics of 0.699, 0.725, and 0.765. Similar discrimination was observed in the performance data set (n=7043), with c-statistics of 0.672, 0.708, and 0.721.
Procedure-type risk categories are associated with different complication rates in our data set and could be an important variable in risk adjustment models for pediatric catheterization.
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- "All comparisons were adjusted first for the total dose of L-DOPA and then for age, gender, weight, daily dose of L-DOPA and disease duration. Theses prespecified adjustments were made using non-parametric analysis of covariance (Bergersen et al., 2011). In view of our study's exploratory nature and small sample size, we did not adjust for multiple comparisons. "
ABSTRACT: After more than 50 years of treating Parkinson's disease with l-DOPA, there are still no guidelines on setting the optimal dose for a given patient. The dopamine transporter type 1, now known as solute carrier family 6 (neurotransmitter transporter), member 3 (SLC6A3) is the most powerful determinant of dopamine neurotransmission and might therefore influence the treatment response. We recently demonstrated that methylphenidate (a dopamine transporter inhibitor) is effective in patients with Parkinson's disease with motor and gait disorders. The objective of the present study was to determine whether genetic variants of the dopamine transporter type 1-encoding gene (SLC6A3) are associated with differences in the response to treatment of motor symptoms and gait disorders with l-DOPA and methylphenidate (with respect to the demographic, the disease and the treatment parameters and the other genes involved in the dopaminergic neurotransmission). This analysis was part of a multicentre, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial of methylphenidate in Parkinson's disease (Protocol ID:2008-005801-20; ClinicalTrials.gov:NCT00914095). We scored the motor Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale and the Stand-Walk-Sit Test before and after a standardized acute l-DOPA challenge before randomization and then after 3 months of methylphenidate treatment. Patients were screened for variants of genes involved in dopamine metabolism: rs28363170 and rs3836790 polymorphisms in the SLC6A3 gene, rs921451 and rs3837091 in the DDC gene (encoding the aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase involved in the synthesis of dopamine from l-DOPA), rs1799836 in the MAOB gene (coding for monoamine oxidase B) and rs4680 in the COMT gene (coding for catechol-O-methyltransferase). Investigators and patients were blinded to the genotyping data throughout the study. Eighty-one subjects were genotyped and 61 were analysed for their acute motor response to l-DOPA. The SLC6A3 variants were significantly associated with greater efficacy of l-DOPA for motor symptoms. The SLC6A3 variants were also associated with greater efficacy of methylphenidate for motor symptoms and gait disorders in the ON l-DOPA condition. The difference between motor Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale scores for patients with different SLC6A3 genotypes was statistically significant in a multivariate analysis that took account of other disease-related, treatment-related and pharmacogenetic parameters. Our preliminary results suggest that variants of SLC6A3 are genetic modifiers of the treatment response to l-DOPA and methylphenidate in Parkinson's disease. Further studies are required to assess the possible value of these genotypes for (i) guiding l-DOPA dose adaptations over the long term; and (ii) establishing the risk/benefit balance associated with methylphenidate treatment for gait disorders. © The Author (2015). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Guarantors of Brain. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org.Brain 03/2015; 138(5). DOI:10.1093/brain/awv063 · 10.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The broad range of relatively rare procedures performed in pediatric cardiac catheterization laboratories has made the standardization of care and risk assessment in the field statistically quite problematic. However, with the growing number of patients who undergo cardiac catheterization, it has become imperative that the cardiology community overcomes these challenges to study patient outcomes. The Congenital Cardiac Catheterization Project on Outcomes was able to develop benchmarks, tools for measurement, and risk adjustment methods while exploring procedural efficacy. Based on the success of these efforts, the collaborative is pursuing a follow-up project, the Congenital Cardiac Catheterization Project on Outcomes-Quality Improvement, aimed at improving the outcomes for all patients undergoing catheterization for congenital heart disease by reducing radiation exposure.Methodist DeBakey cardiovascular journal 04/2014; 10(2):63-67. DOI:10.14797/mdcj-10-2-63
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ABSTRACT: Pulmonary artery (PA) balloon angioplasty and/or stenting (PA rehabilitation) is one of the most common procedures performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory, but comprehensive and consistently reported data on procedure-related adverse events (AE) are scarce. Data were prospectively collected using a multicenter registry (Congenital Cardiac Catheterization Project on Outcomes). All cases that included balloon angioplasty and/or stent implantation in a proximal or lobar PA position were included. Multivariate analysis was used to evaluate for independent predictors of AE and need for early reintervention. Between February 2007 and December 2009, 8 institutions submitted details on 1315 procedures with a PA intervention. An AE was documented in 22% with a high severity (level 3 to 5) AE in 10% of cases. Types of AE included vascular/cardiac trauma (19%), technical AE (15%), arrhythmias (15%), hemodynamic AE (14%), bleeding via endotracheal tube/reperfusion injury (12%), and other AE (24%). AE were classified as not preventable in 50%, possibly preventable in 41%, and preventable in 9%. By multivariate analysis, independent risk factors for level 3 to 5 AE were presence of ≥2 indicators of hemodynamic vulnerability, age below 1 month, use of cutting balloons, and operator experience of <10 years. Reintervention during the study period occurred in 22% of patients undergoing PA rehabilitation. PA rehabilitation is associated with a 10% incidence of high-level severity AE. Hemodynamic vulnerability, young age, use of cutting balloons, and lower operator experience were significant independent risk factors for procedure-related AE.Circulation Cardiovascular Interventions 06/2011; 4(3):287-96. DOI:10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.110.961029 · 6.98 Impact Factor