Article

Sedative Drug Modulates T-Cell and Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1 Function

Department of Anesthesiology, Pain and Perioperative Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Ave., Boston, MA 02115, USA.
Anesthesia and analgesia (Impact Factor: 3.42). 03/2011; 112(4):830-8. DOI: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e31820dcabb
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Sedative drugs modify immune cell functions via several mechanisms. However, the effects of sedatives on immune function have been primarily investigated in neutrophils and macrophages, and to the lesser extent lymphocytes. Lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) is an adhesion molecule that has a central role in regulating immune function of lymphocytes including interleukin-2 (IL-2) production and lymphocyte proliferation. Previous clinical studies reported that propofol and isoflurane reduced IL-2 level in patients, but midazolam did not. We previously demonstrated that isoflurane inhibited LFA-1 binding to its counter ligand, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), which might contribute to the reduction of IL-2 levels. In the current study, we examined the effect of propofol, midazolam, and dexmedetomidine on LFA-1/ICAM-1 binding, and the subsequent biological effects.
The effect of sedative drugs on T-cell proliferation and IL-2 production was measured by calorimetric assays on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Because LFA-1/ICAM-1 binding has an important role in T-cell proliferation and IL-2 production, we measured the effect of sedative drugs on ICAM-1 binding to LFA-1 protein (cell-free assay). This analysis was followed by flow cytometric analysis of LFA-1 expressing T-cell binding to ICAM-1 (cell-based assay). To determine whether the drug/LFA-1 interaction is caused by competitive or allosteric inhibition, we analyzed the sedative drug effect on wild-type and high-affinity LFA-1 and a panel of monoclonal antibodies that bind to different regions of LFA-1.
Propofol at 10 to 100 μM inhibited ICAM-1 binding to LFA-1 in cell-free assays and cell-based assays (P < 0.05). However, dexmedetomidine and midazolam did not affect LFA-1/ICAM-1 binding. Propofol directly inhibits LFA-1 binding to ICAM-1 by binding near the ICAM-1 contact area in a competitive manner. At clinically relevant concentrations, propofol, but not dexmedetomidine or midazolam, inhibited IL-2 production (P < 0.05). Additionally, propofol inhibited lymphocyte proliferation (P < 0.05).
Our study suggests that propofol competitively inhibits LFA-1 binding to ICAM-1 on T-cells and suppresses T-cell proliferation and IL-2 production, whereas dexmedetomidine and midazolam do not significantly influence these immunological assays.

2 Followers
 · 
160 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Various sedative agents, including dexmedetomidine (dex), induce immunosuppression, and enhance infection progression. However, there was no information on how anesthetic affects local and systemic cellular immune function. We conducted this study to examine the impact of dex on the differentiation and function of immune cells at site of inflammation and in peripheral blood during endotoxemia of mice. In BALB/c mice with and without endotoxemia, we evaluated the influence of two dosages of 5 and 50 mcg/kg/h intravenous dex on immune cells: including number of T cells (CD3), B cells (CD19), natural killer cells (CD8a), monocytes (CD11b), and macrophages (Mac-3) in peripheral blood, the activities of macrophages in peripheral blood and in peritoneal lavage, and proliferation of B and T cells and of natural killer cells activity in the spleen. Endotoxemia increased the number of CD3 T cells, CD 19 B cells and macrophages in the peripheral blood, augmented macrophage activity in the peritoneum, and increased T cell proliferation and natural killer cell activity in the spleen. Further administration of 5 mcg/kg/h dex attenuated systemic increase in number of T cells, B cells, and macrophages during endotoxemia and 50 mcg/kg/h dex significantly attenuated the increase in activity of macrophages in the peripheral blood during endotoxemia. In the peritoneum, however, 5 mcg/kg/h dex preserved and 50 mcg/kg/h dexmedetomidine enhanced the activity of macrophages during endotoxemia. Increased in proliferation of T cells in spleen during endotoxemia was attenuated by both doses of dex. Last, 50 mcg/kg/h dex enhanced natural killer cells activity during endotoxemia. While preserving the effects of endotoxemia on macrophage's activity in the infection site and natural killer cell's activity in the spleen, dex decreased systemic fulminant immune reaction in endotoxemia, by attenuating the augmented response in the number of T cells, B cells and macrophages, activity of macrophages in the peripheral blood, and proliferation of T cells in spleen during endotoxemia. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2014.
    Environmental Toxicology 06/2014; DOI:10.1002/tox.22011 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AIMS: Propofol has demonstrated protective effects against digestive injury. Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) is involved in gastric mucosal injury. However, it has not yet been clarified whether propofol protects gastric mucosa from ethanol-induced injury and whether the mechanism involved is related to TLR4 activation. Therefore, this prospective study was carried out to address the issue. METHODS: Gastric mucosal injury was induced in mice by intragastric administration of ethanol. Propofol was given intraperitoneally 30min before ethanol intragastric administration and, 1h later, gastric specimens were studied using hematoxylin-eosin staining, quantitative real-time RT-PCR, immunohistochemical staining and Western blot assays; serum specimens were studied using ELISA kits. RESULTS: Propofol at 25mg/kg significantly attenuated ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury. In addition, propofol pretreatment significantly inhibited the upregulated expression of high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) protein, TLR4 and its downstream signaling molecules-myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB)-in gastric mucosa, while suppressing the increased release of tumor neurosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in serum. Furthermore, upregulation of the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in gastric mucosa was clearly depressed by propofol. CONCLUSION: Propofol can inhibit HMGB1 expression and TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB-mediated inflammatory responses, and hamper apoptosis, which may contribute to its protective action against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury.
    Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 04/2012; 37(1). DOI:10.1016/j.clinre.2012.03.004 · 1.98 Impact Factor
  • Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 08/2012; 27(1). DOI:10.1053/j.jvca.2012.06.029 · 1.48 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
1 Download
Available from