Article

Stress is associated with unfavorable patterns of dietary intake among female chinese immigrants.

Department of Kinesiology, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, 93405, USA.
Annals of Behavioral Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.2). 03/2011; 41(3):324-32. DOI: 10.1007/s12160-010-9259-4
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Chinese immigrants experience increased risk for weight gain and chronic disease after US migration. Whether psychosocial stress affects their eating behavior is unknown.
The purpose of this study is to examine psychosocial stress and dietary intake among 426 Chinese immigrant women in the Philadelphia region.
Participants completed 4 days of dietary recalls and questionnaires assessing positive and negative life events in the past year and migration-related stressors.
In hierarchical linear regression models, positive life events were associated with higher energy intake (β = 21.1, p =  0.04). Migration-related stress was associated with lower total gram (β  = -11.3, p < 0.0001) and overall grain (β  = -0.18, p = 0.03) intake and higher energy density (β = 0.002, p = 0.04) and percent energy from fat (β = 0.06, p = 0.05).
Migration-related stress did not increase overall intake in terms of energy and total grams but selectively increased fat intake and energy density. Such dietary habits may have implications for future chronic disease risk in this immigrant population.

0 Followers
 · 
83 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To examine the association of psychosocial stress with obesity, adiposity, and dietary intake in a diverse sample of Hispanic/Latino adults.Methods Participants were 5077 men and women, 18-74 years old, from diverse Hispanic/Latino ethnic backgrounds. Linear regression models were used to assess the association of ongoing chronic stressors and recent perceived stress with measures of adiposity (waist circumference and percentage body fat) and dietary intake (total energy, saturated fat, alternative healthy eating index [AHEI-2010]). Multinomial logistic models were used to describe the odds of obesity or overweight relative to normal weight.ResultsGreater number of chronic stressors and greater perceived stress were associated with higher total energy intake. Greater recent perceived stress was associated with lower diet quality as indicated by AHEI-2010 scores. Compared to no stressors, reporting ≥ 3 chronic stressors was associated with higher odds of being obese (OR = 1.5, 95%CI 1.01-2.1), greater waist circumference (β = 3.3, 95%CI 1.0-5.5) and percentage body fat (β = 1.5, 95%CI 0.4, 2.6).Conclusions The study found an association between stress and obesity and adiposity measures, suggesting that stress management techniques may be useful in obesity prevention and treatment programs that target Hispanic/Latino populations.
    Annals of Epidemiology 11/2014; 25(2). DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2014.11.002 · 2.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Among Chinese immigrant populations, increasing duration of US residence is associated with elevated risk for various chronic diseases. Although life-style changes after migration have been extensively studied in immigrant populations, the psychosocial impact of acculturative stress on biological markers of health is less understood. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to examine associations between acculturative stress and inflammatory markers in a Chinese immigrant population.
    Psychosomatic Medicine 05/2014; DOI:10.1097/PSY.0000000000000065 · 4.09 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Immigrants may be more vulnerable to obesity as a result of the immigration process. The aim of this article is to summarize current knowledge about the impact of immigration on body mass index (BMI). A systematic review was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines through a database search of scientific articles (last updated in August 2014). Thirty-nine articles were included and assessed. Results varied according to ethnic background, country of origin and host country. A consistent positive association between BMI and time since immigration was found among Hispanic, European and African immigrants. Less than half of the studies observed a positive association among Asian immigrants. The quality of the majority of the studies assessed was poor, reflecting a need to improve methodology and concept definition. Immigration appears to have a deteriorative effect on BMI. Underlying causes may include changes in nutrition and physical activity, psychological and social factors, and genetic susceptibility and these aspects should be included as moderator variables in future studies.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
43 Downloads
Available from
May 27, 2014