Article

Stress is associated with unfavorable patterns of dietary intake among female Chinese immigrants

Department of Kinesiology, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, 93405, USA.
Annals of Behavioral Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.2). 03/2011; 41(3):324-32. DOI: 10.1007/s12160-010-9259-4
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Chinese immigrants experience increased risk for weight gain and chronic disease after US migration. Whether psychosocial stress affects their eating behavior is unknown.
The purpose of this study is to examine psychosocial stress and dietary intake among 426 Chinese immigrant women in the Philadelphia region.
Participants completed 4 days of dietary recalls and questionnaires assessing positive and negative life events in the past year and migration-related stressors.
In hierarchical linear regression models, positive life events were associated with higher energy intake (β = 21.1, p =  0.04). Migration-related stress was associated with lower total gram (β  = -11.3, p < 0.0001) and overall grain (β  = -0.18, p = 0.03) intake and higher energy density (β = 0.002, p = 0.04) and percent energy from fat (β = 0.06, p = 0.05).
Migration-related stress did not increase overall intake in terms of energy and total grams but selectively increased fat intake and energy density. Such dietary habits may have implications for future chronic disease risk in this immigrant population.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Marilyn Tseng, Sep 01, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
133 Views
 · 
52 Downloads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The number of Latino immigrant children is expanding rapidly, and the factors that affect their health are multiple and interlinked. We therefore propose to describe the sociodemographic characteristics of a mostly Dominican immigrant population, to examine to what extent immigrant status and other factors play a role in determining measures of their children's health and well-being, and finally to investigate whether a home visiting intervention modified any of these factors. The data were collected as part of an evaluation of a primary prevention home visitation program for high-risk mothers and their children. Bivariate and multivariate models were constructed to investigate the factors that affected the outcome variables. We found that numerous factors, especially a composite for overall stress, affected the health and well-being of participant children. We also demonstrated that the visitation program had a positive effect on many of these outcomes. Future program planners will need to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the specific population they serve.
    01/2012; 2012(2090-4029). DOI:10.1155/2012/250276
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Known determinants of vitamin D status (measured in serum as 25(OH)D nmol/L) are exposure to sunlight and intake of vitamin D, either from foods or vitamin supplements. Recently, low vitamin D status in East Asian Australian immigrants has been reported. Thus the aim of this study was to investigate associations with vitamin D status in East Asian Australian immigrant women. In this cross-sectional study of women (n=152 aged 18-92), 25(OH)D levels were measured from serum samples (Radio-immuno assay). Demographics, sun exposure patterns, dietary intake and acculturation factors were obtained by questionnaire. In spring, 53% of the study population had serum 25(OH)D levels <50 nmol/L(deficiency); whereas in summer only 19% were deficient. Associations with vitamin D deficiency were younger age, higher education, more sun protection behavior, fewer minutes of sun exposure on weekends, low vitamin D and calcium intake through foods or supplements and less acculturation to Australian lifestyle. After multivariate adjustment, those who had no intake of vitamin D supplements (OR=5.6, CI=1.4-22), less sunlight exposure on weekends (OR=2.7, CI=1.0-7.3) and lower acculturation to Australian lifestyle (OR=2.5, CI=1.0-6.3) had increased risk of being deficient in vitamin D. Thus there is a need for vitamin D education in this "at-risk" population.
    The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology 12/2012; 136. DOI:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2012.12.005 · 4.05 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Among Chinese immigrant populations, increasing duration of US residence is associated with elevated risk for various chronic diseases. Although life-style changes after migration have been extensively studied in immigrant populations, the psychosocial impact of acculturative stress on biological markers of health is less understood. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to examine associations between acculturative stress and inflammatory markers in a Chinese immigrant population.
    Psychosomatic Medicine 05/2014; DOI:10.1097/PSY.0000000000000065 · 4.09 Impact Factor
Show more