A new dinuclear Ru-Hbpp based water oxidation catalyst with a trans-disposition of the Ru-OH.

Departament de Química and Serveis Tècnics de Recerca (STR), Universitat de Girona, Campus de Montilivi, E-17071, Girona, Spain.
Dalton Transactions (Impact Factor: 4.1). 03/2011; 40(14):3640-6. DOI: 10.1039/c0dt00964d
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The bis(2-pyridyl)ethylamine (bpea) ligand has been used as a starting material for the synthesis of dinuclear Ru complexes of general formula trans,fac-{[Ru(n)X(bpea)](2)(μ-bpp)}(m+) (for X = Cl, n = II, m = 1, trans-Ru(II)-Cl, 1(+); for X = OH, n = III, m = 3, trans-Ru(III)-OH, 2(3+)) where the 3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrazolate anionic ligand (bpp) acts as bridging dinucleating ligand, the bpea ligand coordinates in a facial manner and the monodentate ligands X are situated in a trans fashion with regard to one another. These complexes have been characterized in solution by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, UV-vis and electrochemical techniques and in the solid state by X-ray diffraction analysis. The reaction of 1(PF(6)) with Ag(+) generates the corresponding solvated complex where the Cl ligand has been removed as insoluble AgCl, followed by the oxidation of Ru(II) to Ru(III) to generate the corresponding dinuclear complex trans-Ru(III)-OH, 2(PF(6))(3). The latter has been shown to catalytically oxidize water to molecular dioxygen using Ce(IV) as oxidant. Quantitative gas evolution as a function of time has been monitored on line by both manometry and mass spectroscopy (MS) techniques. Relative initial velocities of oxygen formation together with structural considerations rule out an intramolecular O-O bond formation pathway.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: fac-[MBr(CO)3(pypzH)] (M = Mn, Re; pypzH = (3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazole) complexes are prepared from fac-[MBr(CO)3(NCMe)2] and pypzH. The result of their deprotonation depends on the metallic substrate: the rhenium complex affords cleanly the bimetallic compound [fac-{Re(CO)3(μ(2)-pypz)}]2 (μ(2)-pypz = μ(2)-3-(2-pyridyl-κ(1)N)pyrazolate-2κ(1)N), which was crystallographically characterized, whereas a similar manganese complex was not detected. When two equivalents of pyridylpyrazolate are used, polymetallic species [fac-M(CO)3(μ(2)-pypz)(μ(3)-pypz)M'] (μ(3)-pypz = μ(3)-3-(2-pyridyl-κ(1)N)pyrazolate-1κ(2)N,N:2κ(1)N:; M = Mn, M' = Li, Na, K; M = Re, M' = Na) are obtained. The crystal structures of the manganese carbonylate complexes were determined. The lithium complex is a monomer containing one manganese and one lithium atom, whereas the sodium and potassium complexes are dimers and reveal an unprecedented coordination mode for the bridging 3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazolate ligand, where the nitrogen of the pyridyl fragment and the nitrogen-1 of pyrazolate are chelated to manganese atoms, and each nitrogen-2 of pyrazolate is coordinated to two alkaline atoms. The polymetallic carbonylate complexes are unstable in solution and evolve spontaneously to [fac-{Re(CO)3(μ(2)-pypz)}]2 or to the trimetallic paramagnetic species [Mn(II)(μ(2)-pypz)2{fac-{Mn(I)(CO)3(μ(2)-pypz)}2}]. The related complex cis-[MnCl2(pypzH)2] was also synthesized and structurally characterized. The electrochemical behavior of the new homo- and heteropolymetallic 3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazolate complexes has been studied and details of their redox properties are reported.
    Dalton Transactions 01/2014; · 4.10 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a systematic electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical study of the catalytic activity for water oxidation of an iridium-N-dimethylimidazolin-2-ylidene (Ir-NHC-Me2) complex adsorbed on a polycrystalline gold electrode. The work aims to understand the effect of the electrolyte properties (anions and acidity) on the activity of the molecular catalyst and check its stability towards decomposition. Our results show that the iridium complex displays a very strong dependence on the electrolyte properties such that large enhancements in catalytic activity may be obtained by adequately choosing pH and anions in the electrolyte. The stability of the adsorbed compound was investigated in situ by Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and Online Electrochemical Mass Spectrometry showing that the immobilized catalyst exhibits good stability under anodic conditions, with no observable evidence for the decomposition to iridium oxide.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 06/2014; · 11.44 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ru-aqua complex {[Ru(II) (trpy)(H2 O)]2 (μ-pyr-dc)}(+) is a powerful epoxidation catalyst for a wide range of linear and cyclic alkenes. High turnover numbers (TNs), up to 17000, and turnover frequencies (TOF), up to 24120 h(-1) (6.7 s(-1) ), have been obtained using PhIO as oxidant. This species presents an outstanding stereospecificity for both cis and trans olefins towards the formation of their corresponding cis and trans epoxides. In addition, it shows different reactivity to cis and trans olefins due to a substrate orientation supramolecular effect transmitted by its ligand scaffold. This effect together with the impressive reaction rates are rationalized using electrochemical techniques and DFT calculations.
    Chemistry - A European Journal 03/2014; · 5.93 Impact Factor