Article

Analyzing protein-protein interactions by quantitative mass spectrometry.

Cell Signaling and Mass Spectrometry Group, Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany.
Methods (Impact Factor: 3.64). 03/2011; 54(4):387-95. DOI: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2011.03.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Since most cellular processes depend on interactions between proteins, information about protein-protein interactions (PPIs) provide valuable insights into protein function. Over the last years, quantitative affinity purification followed by mass spectrometry (q-AP-MS) has become a powerful approach to investigate PPIs in an unbiased manner. In q-AP-MS the protein of interest is biochemically enriched together with its interaction partners. In parallel, a control experiment is performed to control for non-specific binding. Quantitative mass spectrometry is then employed to compare protein levels in both samples and to exclude non-specific contaminants. Here, we provide two detailed q-AP-MS protocols for pull-downs with immobilized bait proteins or transient transfection of tagged expression constructs. We discuss benefits and limitations of q-AP-MS and highlight critical parameters that need to be considered. The protocols and background information presented here allow the reader to adapt the generic q-AP-MS strategy for a wide range of biological questions.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
98 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mutations in the gene encoding the RNA-binding protein RBM20 have been implicated in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), a major cause of chronic heart failure, presumably through altering cardiac RNA splicing. Here, we combined transcriptome-wide crosslinking immunoprecipitation (CLIP-seq), RNA-seq, and quantitative proteomics in cell culture and rat and human hearts to examine how RBM20 regulates alternative splicing in the heart. Our analyses revealed the presence of a distinct RBM20 RNA-recognition element that is predominantly found within intronic binding sites and linked to repression of exon splicing with RBM20 binding near 3' and 5' splice sites. Proteomic analysis determined that RBM20 interacts with both U1 and U2 small nuclear ribonucleic particles (snRNPs) and suggested that RBM20-dependent splicing repression occurs through spliceosome stalling at complex A. Direct RBM20 targets included several genes previously shown to be involved in DCM as well as genes not typically associated with this disease. In failing human hearts, reduced expression of RBM20 affected alternative splicing of several direct targets, indicating that differences in RBM20 expression may affect cardiac function. Together, these findings identify RBM20-regulated targets and provide insight into the pathogenesis of human heart failure.
    The Journal of clinical investigation. 06/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Co-immunoprecipitation (coIP) in combination with mass spectrometry (MS) is a powerful tool to identify potential protein-protein interactions. However, unspecifically precipitated proteins usually result in large numbers of false-positive identifications. Here we describe a detailed protocol particularly useful in plant sciences that is based on (15)N stable isotope labeling of cells, (14)N antigen titration, and coIP/MS to distinguish true from false protein-protein interactions.
    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 01/2014; 1188:245-61. · 1.29 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Biological systems are not only controlled by the abundance of individual proteins, but also by the formation of complexes and the dynamics of protein-protein interactions. The identification of the components of protein complexes can be obtained by shotgun proteomics using affinity purification coupled to mass spectrometry. Such studies include the analyses of several samples and experimental controls in order to discriminate true specific interactions from unspecific interactions and contaminants. However, shotgun proteomics have limited quantification capabilities for low abundant proteins on large sample sets due to the undersampling and the stochastic precursor ion selection. In this context, targeted proteomics constitutes a powerful analytical tool to systematically detect and quantify peptides in multiple samples, for instance those obtained from affinity purification experiments. Hypothesis-driven strategies have mainly relied on the selected reaction monitoring (SRM) technique performed on triple quadrupole instruments, which enables highly selective and sensitive measurements of peptides, acting as surrogates of the pre-selected proteins, over a wide range of concentrations. More recently, novel quantitative methods based on high resolution instruments, such as the parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) technique implemented on the quadrupole-orbitrap instrument, have arisen and provided alternatives to perform quantitative analyses with enhanced selectivity. The application of targeted proteomics to protein-protein interaction experiments from plasma and other physiological fluid samples and the inclusion of parallel reaction monitoring (PRM), combined with other recent technology developments opens a vast area for clinical application of proteomics. It is anticipated that it will reveal valuable information about specific, individual, responses against drugs, exogenous proteins or pathogens.
    Current topics in medicinal chemistry 12/2013; · 4.47 Impact Factor