The American Academy of Neurology and Child Neurology Society recommend performing routine screening head ultrasounds (HUS) on preterm infants of less than 30 weeks gestation.
To study the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and evaluate the need for screening HUS in preterm infants with gestational age (GA) of 30-34 weeks.
Preterm infants (GA; 30-34 weeks) admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) between January 1997 and September 2007 were included in this study. Grades of IVH were defined as per the Papile classification.
Screening HUS were performed on 463 infants with GA of 30-34 weeks. Twenty-seven (5.8%) infants had abnormal cranial ultrasound (US) (IVH or periventricular leucomalacia [PVL]). The incidence of IVH ranged from 3.3% to 6.3% at various GA. Seven (1.5%) infants had severe abnormalities on HUS (grades III/IV or PVL).
A significant number of infants born between 30 and 34 weeks of gestation have abnormalities on screening cranial US. Since not all infants born at 30-34 weeks of gestation received a HUS, the incidence of HUS abnormalities might have been overestimated due to a possible 'selection bias'. Additional studies are needed to examine the adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in this group of preterm infants with mild abnormalities (IVH grades I or II) on cranial US before recommending routine screenings for IVH.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
It is common clinical practice to counsel parents expecting an early-moderate premature birth. The aim of the current study was to assess maternal knowledge of potential problems of prematurity after counseling.
Prospective study of 49 participants admitted between 23 and 33 weeks gestation with threatened premature birth; a prematurity knowledge questionnaire and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were administered after counseling but before delivery.
Across all gestational-ages, participants were more aware of short-term problems than long-term problems. With increasing gestational age the knowledge of long-term problems decreased (P=0.01). Maternal knowledge was 82% for gestational ages where clear guidelines exist regarding goal of counseling and information that should be provided to the parents.
Most mothers of early-moderate premature infants are not aware of the potential for long-term problems. Guidelines, which outline the information that should be provided to parents, may improve maternal knowledge after counseling.
Journal of perinatology: official journal of the California Perinatal Association 10/2012; 33(5). DOI:10.1038/jp.2012.129 · 2.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Several studies have revealed the importance of brain imaging in term and preterm infants. The aim of this retrospective study was to review safety, handling, and image quality of MR brain imaging using a new 3 Tesla MR-compatible incubator.
Between 02/2011 and 05/2012 100 brain MRIs (84 infants, mean gestational age 32.2 ± 4.7 weeks, mean postmenstrual age at imaging 40.6 ± 3.4 weeks) were performed using a 3 Tesla MR-compatible incubator with dedicated, compatible head coil. Seventeen examinations (13 infants, mean gestational age 35.1 ± 5.4 weeks, mean postmenstrual age at imaging 47.8 ± 7.4 weeks) with a standard head coil served as a control. Image analysis was performed by a neuroradiologist and a pediatric radiologist in consensus.
All but two patients with known apnea were transferred to the MR unit and scanned without problems. Handling was easier and faster with the incubator; relevant motion artifacts (5.9 vs. 10.8 %) and the need for repetitive sedation (43.0 vs. 86.7 %) were reduced. Considering only images not impaired by motion artifacts, image quality (4.8 ± 0.4 vs. 4.3 ± 0.8, p = 0.047) and spatial resolution (4.7 ± 0.4 vs. 4.2 ± 0.6, p = 0.011) of T2-weighted images were scored significantly higher in patients imaged with the incubator. SNR increased significantly (171.6 ± 54.5 vs. 80.5 ± 19.8, p < 0.001) with the use of the incubator.
Infants can benefit from the use of a 3 Tesla MR-compatible incubator because of its safety, easier, and faster handling (compared to standard imaging) and possibility to obtain high-quality MR images even in unstable patients.
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