[Clinical impact of HLA disparities in transplants from unrelated donors].
ABSTRACT The search for an unrelated donor must be based on the HLA typing of the donor and the host. PCR techniques have facilitated high-resolution HLA typing, but they have also elicited questions about the real impact of the various disparities on the progress of the graft Thus, whereas a donor used to be accepted based on HLA-A and B Identity determined by serology and HLA-DRB1 through molecular biology techniques, now a donor is required to have a 70/70 Identity for loci HLA-A, B, C, DRB7, and DQB7. Furthermore, the real effect of the disparities in the sixth locus of the major histocompatibility complex-HLA-DPBT-is still in doubt. This study intends to conduct a literature review of the clinical impact of the various HLA disparities In transplants from unrelated donors.