Article

A high-throughput label-free nanoparticle analyser.

Department of Physics, University of California Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA.
Nature Nanotechnology (Impact Factor: 31.17). 03/2011; 6(5):308-13. DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2011.24
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Synthetic nanoparticles and genetically modified viruses are used in a range of applications, but high-throughput analytical tools for the physical characterization of these objects are needed. Here we present a microfluidic analyser that detects individual nanoparticles and characterizes complex, unlabelled nanoparticle suspensions. We demonstrate the detection, concentration analysis and sizing of individual synthetic nanoparticles in a multicomponent mixture with sufficient throughput to analyse 500,000 particles per second. We also report the rapid size and titre analysis of unlabelled bacteriophage T7 in both salt solution and mouse blood plasma, using just ~1 × 10⁻⁶ l of analyte. Unexpectedly, in the native blood plasma we discover a large background of naturally occurring nanoparticles with a power-law size distribution. The high-throughput detection capability, scalable fabrication and simple electronics of this instrument make it well suited for diverse applications.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
173 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ultrasensitive detection and characterization of single nanoparticles (<100 nm) is important in nanotechnology and life sciences. Direct measurement of the elastically scattered light from individual nanoparticles represents the simplest and the most direct method for particle detection. However, the sixth-power dependence of scattering intensity on particle size renders very small particles indistinguishable from the background. Adopting strategies for single-molecule fluorescence detection in a sheathed flow, here we report the development of high sensitivity flow cytometry (HSFCM) that achieves real-time light scattering detection of single silica and gold nanoparticles as small as 24 nm and 7 nm in diameter, respectively. This unprecedented sensitivity enables high-resolution sizing of single nanoparticles directly based on their scattered intensity. With a resolution comparable to that of TEM and the ease and speed of flow cytometric analysis, HSFCM is particularly suitable for nanoparticle size distribution analysis of polydisperse/heterogeneous/mixed samples. Through concurrent fluorescence detection, simultaneous insights into the size and payload variations of engineered nanoparticles are demonstrated with two forms of clinical nanomedicine. By offering quantitative multiparameter analysis of single nanoparticles in liquid suspensions at a throughput of up to 10,000 particles per minute, HSFCM represents a major advance both in light-scattering detection technology and in nanoparticle characterization.
    ACS Nano 10/2014; · 12.03 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The size- and fluorescence-based sorting of micro- and nano-scale particles suspended in fluid presents a significant and important challenge for both sample analysis and for manufacturing of nanoparticle-based products. Here we demonstrate a disposable microfluidic particle sorter that enables high-throughput, on-demand counting and binary sorting of nanoparticles and cells, using either fluorescence or an electrically-based determination of particle size. Size-based sorting uses a resistive pulse sensor integrated on-chip, while fluorescence-based discrimination is achieved using on-the-fly optical image capture and analysis. Following detection and analysis, the individual particles are deflected using a pair of piezoelectric actuators, directing the particles into one of two desired output channels; the main flow goes into a third waste channel. The integrated system can achieve sorting fidelities of better than 98\%, and the mechanism can successfully count and actuate, on demand, more than 60,000 particles/min.
    Nano Letters 12/2014; · 12.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We study translocations of gold nanoparticles and nanorods through silicon nitride nanopores and present a method for determining the surface charge of nanorods from the magnitude of the ionic current change as nanorods pass through the pore. Positively-charged nanorods and spherical nanoparticles with average diameters 10 nm and average nanorod lengths between 44 and 65 nm were translocated through 40 nm thick nanopores with diameters between 19 and 27 nm in 1, 10, or 100 mM KCl solutions. Nanorod passage through the nanopores decreases ion current in larger diameter pores, as in the case of typical Coulter counters, but it increases ion current in smaller diameter nanopores, likely because of the interaction of the nanopore's and nanoparticle's double layers. The presented method predicts a surface charge of 26 mC/m(2) for 44 nm long gold nanorods and 18 mC/m(2) for 65 nm long gold nanorods and facilitates future studies of ligand coverage and surface charge effects in anisotropic particles.
    Nano Letters 08/2014; · 12.94 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
12 Downloads
Available from
Oct 14, 2014