Relaciones entre Aceptación Sociométrica Escolar e Inadaptación Socioemocional, Estrés Cotidiano y Afrontamiento

Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología 01/2010;
Source: DOAJ


Este estudio analiza la asociación de la variable aceptación sociométrica con diversos índices de inadaptación socioemocional, estrés cotidiano y estilos de afrontamiento en escolares, atendiendo a diferencias de género y edad. La muestra se compone de 392 escolares de 9 a 12 años. Los resultados muestran correlaciones significativas negativas de la variable aceptación sociométrica con los índices de inadaptación socioemocional y el estrés cotidiano. Asimismo, se obtiene una correlación significativa positiva con el estilo de afrontamiento "en relación con los demás". Los resultados arrojan diferencias de género y edad, siendo la relación entre la aceptación sociométrica y las diversas variables medidas más fuerte en la submuestra de niñas y en los grupos de edad de 10 y 12 años. Finalmente, se expone la necesidad de utilizar los resultados obtenidos como punto de partida para el desarrollo de intervenciones psicopedagógicas con el objeto de prevenir el desarrollo de patrones de inadaptación emocional en la infancia.

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