Initial experience using propranolol as an adjunctive treatment in children with aggressive recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.
ABSTRACT We performed a retrospective chart review with a 6-month follow-up to examine the initial use of propranolol as an adjunctive treatment in children with severe recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. This is the first such report. Two of 3 children with severe recurrent respiratory papillomatosis demonstrated a response to oral propranolol therapy, as evidenced by an improved voice and by an increased time between surgical interventions. One child demonstrated no response to propranolol, and medication was halted. Both children who demonstrated a response had undergone more than 10 surgical interventions in the previous year, along with prior treatment including surgical excision and adjuvant therapy. Both children more than doubled the interval between treatments after propranolol administration, and the parents of both children noted marked improvement of the child's voice as measured by their Pediatric Voice-Related Quality of Life score (from 40 to 67.5 in one child and from 27 to 60 in the other child). No child experienced hypoglycemia or blood pressure abnormalities. We conclude that initial use of propranolol as an adjunctive measure in severe recurrent respiratory papillomatosis shows it to have some efficacy in delaying surgical intervention and improving voice. Previous reports have demonstrated relatively safe use of propranolol in children with hemangiomas. Further studies are needed to determine the long-term effectiveness, dosing strategies, and side-effect profile of propranolol for treatment of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.
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ABSTRACT: The excision of laryngeal papillomas poses a great challenge for both the anesthesiologist and the surgeon. The narrowness of the airways and the great variability of the pathological lesions necessitate close collaboration between the surgical and anesthesia teams to provide optimal operating conditions and ensure adequate ventilation and oxygenation. Our aim was to explore perioperative anesthesia management in pediatric patients during the excision of laryngeal papillomas with a suspension laryngoscope. Fifty-eight pediatric patients suffering from laryngeal papillomas were included in this retrospective study. These patients had degrees of laryngeal obstruction from I to III and underwent suspension laryngoscopic surgery to excise laryngeal papillomas between January 2007 and December 2010. The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status of the patients ranged from I to III. Anesthesia was induced by intravenous administration. Once the child was unconscious, a 2% lidocaine aerosol solution was sprayed over the laryngeal area directly under the laryngoscope. For patients to tolerate suspension laryngoscopy, it is necessary to maintain spontaneous breathing and ensure adequate anesthesia depth. The airway was secured, and sufficient ventilation was established throughout a tracheal tube (ID 2.5 or 3.0) which was placed close to glottis and connected to Jackson Rees system. Hemodynamic parameters and pulse oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) were closely monitored, and adverse events were recorded. Most of the patients 89% (52/58) were hemodynamically stable during the perioperative period. Laryngospasm and laryngeal edema occurred in several children during emergence from the anesthesia. Tracheal intubations were performed in six patients (10.3%). Tracheotomies were performed in two patients. One patient had to be sent to the ICU for comprehensive therapy. The most important consideration for anesthesia during suspension laryngoscopy is (1) the maintenance of adequate ventilation, (2) to permit surgical exposure, and (3) to maintain suitable depth of anesthesia which relaxes the vocal band, avoids laryngeal spasms (reflex closure), reduces cardiovascular reaction and wakes up quickly after operation. Any factors that aggravate laryngeal obstruction and dyspnea should be avoided.International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology 09/2011; 75(11):1442-5. DOI:10.1016/j.ijporl.2011.08.012 · 1.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To analyze the patterns of surgical frequency in pediatric patients undergoing surgery with CO(2) laser ablation for juvenile onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP). The hypothesis is that over time there is a high variability in surgical frequency independent of the use of an adjuvant therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: All pediatric patients treated surgically with the CO(2) laser for JORRP by two senior surgeons at a tertiary pediatric hospital over an 11-year period were evaluated. Regression analysis was performed. An online survey was conducted of the American Academy of Pediatric Otolaryngology membership on their practice patterns regarding JORRP. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients were identified, and of those, 20 were included in regression analysis. Several distinct patterns were noted. Only five of the 20 patients (25%) had a constant rate of procedures throughout the observation period. Three (15%) of the patients had continual decrease and one (5%) of the patients had a continual increase in the surgical rate throughout the study period. Eleven (55%) had a fluctuation in the pattern of their recurrences. When queried on how they approach when to repeat intervention for JORRP patients, more than 16 responses were given, and the most common determinants included standard set interval, previous operative findings, and previous interval. CONCLUSIONS: The natural fluctuation in intersurgical intervals without the use of any adjuvant therapy confounds the use of intersurgical interval as an outcome measure for the success of adjuvant therapy. Accelerations and decelerations were noted but cannot be explained.The Laryngoscope 12/2012; 122(12). DOI:10.1002/lary.23534 · 2.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cancer is the leading cause of death in the USA, and the incidence of cancer increases dramatically with age. Beta-adrenergic blockers appear to have a beneficial clinical effect in cancer patients. In this paper, we review the evidence of an association between β-adrenergic blockade and cancer. Genetic studies have provided the opportunity to determine which proteins link β-adrenergic blockade to cancer pathology. In particular, this link involves the major histocompatibility complex class II molecules, the renin-angiotensin system, transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1, vascular endothelial growth factor, and the reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase. Beta-adrenergic blockers also exert anticancer effects through non-genomic factors, including matrix metalloproteinase, mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways, prostaglandins, cyclooxygenase-2, oxidative stress, and nitric oxide synthase. In conclusion, β-adrenergic blockade may play a beneficial role in cancer treatment. Additional investigations that examine β-adrenergic blockers as cancer therapeutics are required to further elucidate this role.Cancer Management and Research 12/2012; 4:431-45. DOI:10.2147/CMAR.S39153