The composition and extent of coronary artery plaque detected by multislice computed tomographic angiography provides incremental prognostic value in patients with suspected coronary artery disease.
ABSTRACT Multislice computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) provides accurate noninvasive assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, data on the prognostic value of CTCA in patients with suspected CAD are only beginning to emerge. The aim of the study was to assess the prognostic value of CTCA in patients with suspected CAD. Patients (males = 259, females = 235; mean age 58.2 ± 9.8 years) with suspected CAD who underwent 16- or 64-slice CTCA were followed for 1,308 ± 318 days for cardiac death, nonfatal myocaridal infarction (MI) and late (>90 days after CTCA) revascularization. Patient outcomes were related to clinical and CTCA data. Cox proportional-hazards model was applied in stepwise forward fashion to identify outcome predictors. Coronary artery plaque was found in 340 patients. Cardiac events occurred in 40 patients including cardiac death (n = 9), nonfatal MI (n = 8) and late revascularization (n = 23). A multivariable analysis identified the following independent predictors for adverse cardiac events: obstructive plaque in a proximal coronary artery segment (hazard ratio (HR) 2.73; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.35-5.54; P = 0.005), the number of segments with noncalcified plaque(s) (HR 1.53 per segment; 95%CI: 1.21-1.92; P < 0.001), the number of segments with mixed plaque(s) (HR 1.56 per segment; 95%CI: 1.27-1.92; P < 0.001) and the number of segments with calcified plaque(s) (HR 1.21 per segment; 95%CI: 1.07-1.37; P = 0.002). In patients with suspected CAD, both the extent and composition of atherosclerotic plaque as determined by CTCA are prognostic of subsequent cardiac events.
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ABSTRACT: The gold standard test for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) is conventional coronary angiography (C-CAG). Lately, multislice computed tomographic coronary angiography (MSCT-CAG) demonstrated a high sensitivity and a negative predictive value for a CAD primary diagnosis when compared with C-CAG. The aim of our study is to prospectively assess the safety of ruling out CAD based solely on a normal MSCT-CAG result. From June 15, 2004, to January 20, 2006, consecutive patients initially scheduled for C-CAG for a primary diagnosis of CAD underwent MSCT-CAG instead. Patients with a highly calcified coronary network or with an abnormal or a noninterpretable MSCT-CAG result underwent secondary C-CAG and were excluded from the study. We included patients whose diagnosis of CAD was ruled out by a normal MSCT-CAG result; in those patients, C-CAG was not performed. All patients underwent further follow-up with clinical end points (death, subsequent C-CAG, and myocardial infarction). In 141 patients, MSCT-CAG results were considered normal. During the follow-up period (mean, 14.7 months), those patients experienced 0% mortality, a 3.5% rate of subsequent C-CAG, and a 0.7% rate of myocardial infarction. The risks of subsequent death, new referral for C-CAG, or coronary events compare favorably with those following normal C-CAG, which were 0.4%, 4.3%, and 0.6%, respectively. Multislice computed tomographic CAG safely rules out CAD in patients with suspected disease and allows patients to be managed less invasively, by reducing the number in whom C-CAG has to be performed.Archives of Internal Medicine 01/2007; 167(15):1686-9. · 11.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although multislice computed tomography (MSCT) detects obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) with high diagnostic accuracy, there is a paucity of long-term prognostic data. We sought to assess the incremental prognostic value of 64-slice CT in patients with suspected but no documented CAD. Coronary MSCT was performed on 227 individuals (61% men, mean age 54 +/- 12 years, 63% with intermediate pre-test probability) without documented CAD, referred for coronary evaluation. Coronary artery disease by MSCT was categorized as follows: none or mild CAD (<50%, n = 172), > or =50% in one vessel (n = 23), two vessels [or in the proximal left anterior descending (LAD), n = 12], and three vessels (or in two vessels including the proximal LAD or left main, n = 20). Baseline risk factors, length of follow-up, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and coronary revascularization were recorded. Over a mean follow-up of 2.3 +/- 0.8 years, there were 18 MACE [including four hard events (one cardiac death and three MIs)]. Also, patients with one or more vessel obstructive CAD had increased hard events compared with those with less than one-vessel disease (log-rank statistic P-value 0.01). One or more vessel obstructive CAD was a significant predictor of MACE on univariable and multivariable Cox proportional survival analysis [hazard ratios 29.1 (6.7-126.6) and 9.82 (3.58-27.01), respectively, both P < 0.0001]. In 172 patients, with no or mild CAD, there was 99% freedom from MACE during follow-up. Multislice computed tomography-classified extent of CAD provides incremental prognostic information in patients with suspected but no documented CAD.European Heart Journal 01/2009; 30(3):362-71. · 14.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between calcium scoring (CS) and multi-slice computed tomography coronary angiography (MSCTA) and to determine if MSCTA has an incremental prognostic value to CS. In 432 patients (59% male, age 58 +/- 11 years) referred for cardiac evaluation owing to suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), CS and 64-slice MSCTA were performed. The following events were combined in a composite endpoint: all-cause mortality, non-fatal infarction, and unstable angina requiring revascularization. CS was 0 in 147 (34%) patients, CS 1-99 was present in 122 (28%), CS 100-399 in 75 (17%), CS 400-999 in 56 (13%), and CS > or = 1000 in 32 (7%). MSCTA was normal in 133 (31%) patients, MSCTA 30-50% stenosis was observed in 190 (44%), and MSCTA > or =50% stenosis in 109 (25%). During follow-up [median 670 days (25th-75th percentile: 418-895)], an event occurred in 21 patients (4.9%). After multivariate correction for CS, MSCTA > or = 50% stenosis, the number of diseased segments, obstructive segments, and non-calcified plaques were independent predictors with an incremental prognostic value to CS. MSCTA provides additional information to CS regarding stenosis severity and plaque composition. This additional information was shown to translate into incremental prognostic value over CS.European Heart Journal 07/2009; 30(21):2622-9. · 14.10 Impact Factor