Mentoring of dental and dental hygiene faculty: a case study.
ABSTRACT Given the predicted shortages of dental faculty in the United States, it is important to retain faculty members. Mentoring could play a crucial role in this context. The objectives of this case study were to explore how a six-year mentoring program in the Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry changed faculty members' perceptions of support from colleagues and their mentoring expectations. In addition, we sought to determine how junior versus senior faculty members and mentors versus mentees differed in their perceptions of faculty roles, their self-perceived competence, and their awareness of departmental expectations at the end of the program. Data were collected with self-administered surveys from twenty-five of the thirty-six faculty members in this department in 2002 (response rate: 69 percent) and from thirty-seven of the fifty-four faculty members in 2008 (response rate: 69 percent). The results showed that the perceptions of support from colleagues improved significantly over the six-year period. During the same time period, mentoring expectations increased. In 2008, junior faculty members as compared to senior faculty members remained less positive about their role as faculty members, felt less well prepared for their professional life, and were less aware of departmental expectations. In conclusion, a departmental mentoring program resulted in improved support from colleagues and increased expectations concerning mentoring experiences. However, future targeted interventions are needed to address the identified differences between junior and senior faculty members. Recommendations for faculty mentoring efforts are discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Women and minority faculty and students are seriously underrepresented in university and academic healthcare institutions. The role of mentoring has been identified as one of the significant factors in addressing this underrepresentation. We have described the mentoring efforts at two institutions of higher learning in assisting women and minority students and faculty in being accomplished in their academic pursuits. One-hundred-thirty students and >50 women and minority faculty have participated in the mentoring programs described. The number of participants has increased dramatically over the years and continues to evolve positively. These programs appear to be quite successful in the short term. Further evaluation of measurable outcomes will be necessary to fully determine their true impact. The mentoring models for women and underrepresented minority faculty and students at Creighton University Health Sciences Schools and Wake Forest University School of Medicine will serve as a guide for other Health Sciences Schools.Journal of the National Medical Association 09/2006; 98(9):1449-59. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A dire need for additional dental educators is emerging. This article reflects on the heavily skewed age groups of our current dental educators and the lack of sufficient new faculty to undertake the tasks of faculty members. A literature review is presented of previous studies monitoring the current demographics of dental faculty, projected trends, and factors that influence an individual's career choices concerning dental education involvement. Both intrinsic and extrinsic factors are explored to offer potential avenues for interesting, recruiting, and retaining qualified individuals as dental faculty. The goal of this article is to stimulate thought-provoking discussions and/or solutions within academic dentistry in regard to the question: Who will be our dental school faculty in the next decade?Journal of dental education 04/2004; 68(3):345-54. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Faculty in a twenty-first century school of dentistry face a variety of daily challenges. Balancing teaching, research, and scholarship can be an overwhelming task for junior faculty and is influenced by the environment and the interactions we have with colleagues. Effective mentorship can play a critical role in professional growth and development as well as academic success. Excellent mentors provide a distinct vision and can guide their protégés to achieve the goals associated with these visions. Current literature supports the definitive characteristics that potential protégés and effective mentors exhibit and delineates how mentoring can enhance productivity, efficiency, and motivation. There is also evidence that formal mentoring programs have an overall positive impact on junior faculty and may assist in retention of dental school faculty. Successful mentors take protégés under their wings for guidance, inspiration, and encouragement and in the process create motivated, productive, and successful teachers and researchers, thus leaving a legacy. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature regarding the importance and benefits of excellent mentorship.Journal of dental education 04/2004; 68(3):324-8. · 1.04 Impact Factor