Comparison of Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty with Total Hip Arthroplasty for Displaced Femoral Neck Fractures A Concise Four-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Trial

Department of Orthopaedics, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (Impact Factor: 4.31). 03/2011; 93(5):445-50. DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.J.00474
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We performed a four-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial involving 120 elderly patients with an acute displaced femoral neck fracture who were randomized to treatment with either a bipolar hemiarthroplasty or a total hip arthroplasty. The difference in hip function (as indicated by the Harris hip score) in favor of the total hip arthroplasty group that was previously reported at one year persisted and seemed to increase with time (mean score, 87 compared with 78 at twenty-four months [p < 0.001] and 89 compared with 75 at forty-eight months [p < 0.001]). The health-related quality of life (as indicated by the EuroQol [EQ-5D(index)] score) was better in the total hip arthroplasty group at the time of each follow-up, but the difference was significant only at forty-eight months (p < 0.039). These results confirm the better results in terms of hip function and quality of life after total hip arthroplasty as compared with hemiarthroplasty in elderly, lucid patients with a displaced fracture of the femoral neck.

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    ABSTRACT: Background Displaced fracture of the femoral neck has been a common clinical problem, especially in aged patients. However, the optimal treatment choice remains controversial. The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review of randomized clinical trials assessing the results of hemiarthroplasty and total hip replacement in patients undergoing either alternative using meta-analysis. Methods A literature search for randomized clinical trials was conducted through Medline, Embase and Cochrane library between 1969 and 2013 with no restrictions. Additional relevant articles were referred as source of information by way of manual searches on major orthopedic journals. Upon the search, two authors independently evaluated study quality and relevant data was extracted. Results A total of 8 studies with 983 patients were included in this meta-analysis. After pooling the available data, a significant dominance of Harris hip score was found for total hip replacement compared with hemiarthroplasty (SMD: −7.11, 95%:−10.70,−3.53) one year postoperatively and the advantage kept over (SMD: −6.91, 95%:−12.98, −0.85) two years after surgery. A trend toward a higher dislocation rate was found in total hip replacement group (RR: 0.46, 95%: 0.21, 1.02), of which the difference was considered insignificant. The risk of revision in group hemiarthroplasty appeared to be more than two folds higher than that after total hip replacement (RR: 4.14, 95%CI: 2.09, 8.19). Conclusion Even though there is a higher rate of dislocation after total hip replacement, this disadvantage could be accounted for, on the basis of a better functional score and the lower revision rate. However, from the results, it stands to reason that total hip replacement should be strongly suggested in elderly active patients with femoral neck fracture.
    PLoS ONE 05/2014; 9(5):e98071. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0098071 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE. To assess the Dorr proximal femoral types and the cortical thickness index for predicting peri-operative complications during hemiarthroplasty. METHODS. Records of 53 male and 147 female elderly who underwent cemented or uncemented monopolar hemiarthroplasty for displaced intracapsular femoral neck fractures were reviewed. Any intra-operative fracture and postoperative dislocation within 30 days was recorded. The cortical thickness index was defined as the ratio of cortical width minus endosteal width to cortical width at a level of 100 mm below the tip of the lesser trochanter. Higher values indicated thicker cortices. The Dorr proximal femur morphology was classified into types A, B, and C. RESULTS. 28 patients were excluded. The proximal femurs of the remaining 172 patients (mean age, 85 years) were categorised as Dorr type A (n=29), type B (n=75), and type C (n=68). The respective mean cortical thickness indices were 1.10, 0.79, and 0.65. Lower cortical thickness indices correlated with worse Dorr types (p<0.05). There were 18 intra-operative fractures; 8 and 10 occurred in Dorr types B and C femurs versus none in Dorr type A femurs (p=0.046). There were 5 postoperative dislocations; 3 and 2 occurred in Dorr types B and C femurs versus none in Dorr type A femurs (p=0.591). The mean cortical thickness index was significantly lower in those with a fracture (n=18) than those without a fracture (n=154) [0.59 vs. 0.81, p=0.0003]. CONCLUSION. Dorr types B and C proximal femurs were at greater risk of intra-operative fracture.
    Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong) 04/2014; 22(1):92-95.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the trends in operative management of femoral neck fractures by orthopaedic surgeons applying for board certification.
    The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 09/2014; 96(17):e149. DOI:10.2106/JBJS.M.01122 · 4.31 Impact Factor

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