Changes in murine hair with dietary selenium excess or deficiency

Department of Dermatology, Pusan Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Korea Department of Dermatology, Gospel Hospital, College of Medicine, Kosin University, Busan, Korea Sung Wook Park's Dermatology Clinic, Busan, Korea Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Korea.
Experimental Dermatology (Impact Factor: 3.76). 03/2011; 20(4):367-9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0625.2010.01207.x
Source: PubMed


It is known that an excess or deficiency of selenium (Se) causes abnormalities in hair. We evaluated changes in the hair follicles associated with Se imbalance in a C57BL/6 mouse model to better understand the role of Se in hair growth. Fifteen C57BL/6 mice were assigned to diets providing excessive, adequate, or deficient amounts of Se. Alopecia with poliosis was observed in the groups receiving either excessive or deficient selenium. Skin biopsy from alopecia patches showed increased telogen hair follicles with epidermal atrophy. There was a significant decrease of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and an increase of pro-apoptotic Bax in the excessive-Se group compared with the adequate group. We suggest that alopecia with poliosis is caused by changes in the hair follicle cycle due to the imbalance of Se and partially influenced by the decrease of the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax, which is associated with induction of apoptosis of keratinocytes.

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Available from: Kee Suck Suh, Jan 21, 2015
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