A critique of "American Brachytherapy Society Survey of three-dimensional imaging in gynecologic brachytherapy"

Journal of cancer research and therapeutics (Impact Factor: 0.83). 01/2010;
Source: DOAJ
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    ABSTRACT: The IAEA held the International Conference on Advances in Radiation Oncology (ICARO) in Vienna on 27-29 April 2009. The Conference dealt with the issues and requirements posed by the transition from conventional radiotherapy to advanced modern technologies, including staffing, training, treatment planning and delivery, quality assurance (QA) and the optimal use of available resources. The current role of advanced technologies (defined as 3-dimensional and/or image guided treatment with photons or particles) in current clinical practice and future scenarios were discussed.ICARO was organized by the IAEA at the request of the Member States and co-sponsored and supported by other international organizations to assess advances in technologies in radiation oncology in the face of economic challenges that most countries confront. Participants submitted research contributions, which were reviewed by a scientific committee and presented via 46 lectures and 103 posters. There were 327 participants from 70 Member States as well as participants from industry and government. The ICARO meeting provided an independent forum for the interaction of participants from developed and developing countries on current and developing issues related to radiation oncology.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess radiotherapy protocol compliance in a multi-institutional phase II study of concurrent chemoradiotherapy for patients with locally advanced cancer of the uterine cervix (JGOG1066). For study protocol development, various radiotherapy parameters were examined and consensus was reached by Japanese radiation oncologists with cervical cancer treatment expertise. Quality assurance (QA) was also discussed and included in the protocol. A credentialing process was used to select institutions for participation in the study. Individual case reviews referring to 18 QA items were undertaken for each patient. Radiotherapy data were submitted to the Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group (JGOG) data center and reviewed by the members of the radiotherapy committee. The QA evaluation was classed as per protocol, deviation, and violation. Individual case reviews were performed on 69 of 72 patients entered in the study. In 24 patients (35%), there were no deviations for any QA items. There were also no deviations seen for 5 of the 18 items in 69 patients evaluated. Deviations of 64 QA items were seen in 45 cases, and violations were seen in 4 cases (4 items). The most common deviation concerned appropriate application for the external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) boost to involved nodes or parametrium (32 cases). The 4 violations were identified in the QA items regarding high-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy. Radiotherapy protocol compliance was favorable except for the EBRT boost indications. The results of this study validate the quality of radiotherapy in JGOG1066, and indicate that the final analysis will provide meaningful results.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to show the results of computed tomography (CT)-based dosimetry of intracavitary brachytherapy for cervical cancer. A total of 20 patients with cervical cancer underwent intracavitary brachytherapy with external beam radiation therapy. The prescribed dose of brachytherapy was 6 Gy per fraction to point A. In every fraction a CT scan was performed after applicator insertion and three-dimensional (3D) dosimetry was done. The tumor dose was evaluated using D90 (the minimum dose delivered to 90% of the volume), and the doses of risk organs were evaluated using D2cc (the minimum dose in the most irradiated 2 cm3 of the volume). The mean D90 for the clinical target volume (CTV) was 7.0 Gy (range 4.8-9.8 Gy). There was a negative correlation between the volume and the D90 for the CTV. The mean D2cc doses for the rectum and bladder were 6.0 Gy (range 3.9-9.0 Gy) and 6.5 Gy 5 Gy 2.9-9.0 Gy), respectively. CT-based 3D dosimetry of intracavitary brachytherapy for cervical cancer was useful for evaluating the doses of the CTV and the organs at risk. In cases with a large CTV, CTV D90 was often lower than the point A dose, and modulation of the prescribed dose might have to be considered.
    Japanese journal of radiology 12/2010; 28(10):740-5. · 0.73 Impact Factor