KONTEKS KOMUNIKASI PEMIMPIN AGAMA DENGAN UMAT BERAGAMA DALAM MENJAGA KERUKUNAN ANTAR UMAT BERAGAMA(Studi di Desa Senduro, Kecamatan Senduro, Kabupaten Lumajang,Jawa Timur)
This research is inspired and based on the religion unity between Islam and Hinduism in Senduro Village although in that district the Greatest Hinduism Shrine in South East Asia had been placed along this era. There, we never see the hostility and the disturbance between them. One of the factors that make them live in synchronization and harmony is the roles of religion leaders. It means the roles of Bedande (Hinduism Religion Leader) and Ustadz (Leader in Moslem Community) in their society to keep the peace between them. The religion leader in Senduro used various kinds of contexts to communicate with their religious members like physical aspects, psychological aspects and temporal (time) aspects. Communication context here is the situation and condition where the communication processes are happened. Physical aspects are climate, weather, the temperature, shape of environment, color of the wall, the chair position in the religion activity, the number of religious members, and the related tools that used to send the message. Secondly is the psychological aspects such as attitude, the potency of inclined, prejudices, and the emotion inside the communication participants. The third is social aspects like group norms, social value, and characteristics of culture. The fourth is time aspect or temporal aspects. It is the time when the communication is happened. (The day, the time, morning time, afternoon, evening, or other types of time) In this research, the researcher has used the qualitative method and field study to see the phenomenon in Senduro Village, Senduro Sub District, Lumajang Regency, and East Java, Indonesia. The researcher have searched communication context between religion leader and the religious members in order to keep the religion unity. Along the research process, the researcher had been using the observation methods to collect the data, documentation methods, and interview method. In the observation process, the researcher detected diverse activities of Senduro resident such as selametan desa, the PKK meeting for the women, and the tahlilan ceremony. Beside all activities, the researcher has found the data from documentation process. They are History Book of Mandhara Giri Shrine from Senduro Resident (written by senior Bedande from Senduro) along with several photos of Mandhara Giri Shrine activities. The next step, researcher has used the snowball sampling and succed to interview 15 informans in interviewing process. Based on the research result, we found that religion leader there were able to use many kinds of communication aspects in the daily communication with their religious member. For example the physical aspects, the religion leaders usually choose the wider place like the field and Public Hallor Building to hold communication activities. In psychological spects, the religion leaders always manage the prejudices, attitude, and emotion of their religious member in order to maintance the harmony situation and religion unity. In every communication activities, they always said that we were in one ancestors. The effect of that holy sentences (“one ancestors”) is building the concord attitude between them because they are one blood, one family and one ancestors even they has different religion. In the social aspects, all of the leaders always give the way to make the norm of social life is able to walk in harmony. For example the temporal aspects, the leaders always choose the selametan desa time to communicate with their religious members. The leaders always use the same time with important activity because it will be more efective to give the important message in the important time to all religious members. Based on the research, we can make conclusion that in the processes of keeping religion concord, the religion leader combined perfectly all of communication aspects. Although in the daily life communication with the religious member, the leaders never forget to watch and keep the norm inside the native Senduro. Just to reach one goal, the religion unity between them.
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