Identification of annexin A1 as a proinvasive and prognostic factor for lung adenocarcinoma.
ABSTRACT Metastasis is the most common cause of death in lung cancer patients and is a major obstacle to the successful treatment. To discover novel metastasis-related proteins in lung adenorcinoma (AdC), quantitative proteomic analysis was performed between primary lung AdC tissues with (LNM AdC) and without lymph node metastasis (non-LNM AdC). In this study, annexin A1 was identified to be significantly up-regulated in LNM AdC compared with non-LNM AdC. Immunohistochemistry showed that annexin A1 over-expression was frequently observed in LNM AdCs and matched lymph node metastases compared with non-LNM AdCs. Annexin A1 over-expression was significantly associated with advanced clinical stage (P < 0.05) and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05) and increased relapse rate (P < 0.05) and decreased overall survival (P < 0.05) in lung AdCs. Cox regression analysis indicated annexin A1 over-expression was an independent prognostic factor. Furthermore, suppression of annexin A1 expression by siRNA interference significantly inhibited the invasion ability of lung adenocarcinoma cell A549 in vitro. In conclusion, annexin A1 expression correlated with tumor stage, lymph node metastasis, relapse, and patient survival. Annexin A1 is proposed to function importantly in the progression of lung AdC.
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ABSTRACT: Tumor recurrence is the most common cause of disease failure after surgical resection in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma. Identification of clinically relevant prognostic markers could help to predict patients with high risk of disease recurrence. A meta-analysis of available lung adenocarcinoma microarray datasets revealed that T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase (TOPK), a serine/threonine protein kinase, is overexpressed in lung cancer. Using stable cell lines with overexpression or knockdown of TOPK, we have shown that TOPK can promote cell migration, invasion, and clonogenic activity in lung cancer cells, suggesting its crucial role in lung tumorigenesis. To evaluate the prognostic value of TOPK expression in resected stage I lung adenocarcinoma, a retrospective analysis of 203 patients diagnosed with pathological stage I lung adenocarcinoma was carried out to examine the expression of TOPK by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The prognostic significance of TOPK overexpression was examined. Overexpression of TOPK (IHC score >3) was detected in 67.0% of patients, and these patients were more frequently characterized with disease recurrence and angiolymphatic invasion. Using multivariate analysis, patient age (>65 years old; P = 0.002) and TOPK overexpression (IHC score >3; P < 0.001) significantly predicted a shortened overall survival. Moreover, TOPK overexpression (IHC score >3; P = 0.005) also significantly predicted a reduced time to recurrence in the patients. Our results indicate that overexpression of TOPK could predetermine the metastatic capability of tumors and could serve as a significant prognostic predictor of shortened overall survival and time to recurrence.Cancer Science 12/2011; 103(4):731-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1349-7006.2011.02197.x · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Human leukocyte antigens (HLA) bind peptides generated by limited proteolysis in cells and present them at the cell surfaces for recognition by T cells. Through this antigen presentation function they control the specificity of T cell responses and thereby adaptive immune responses. Knowledge of HLA-bound peptides is thus key to understanding adaptive immunity and to the development of vaccines and other specific immune intervention strategies. To gain insight into the antigenicity of melanomas, peptides were extracted from HLA isolated from the tumor cells, separated by two-dimensional HPLC, and sequenced by mass spectrometry. The spectra were analyzed by database-dependent MASCOT searches and database-independent de novo sequencing and, where required, confirmed with synthetic peptides, which were also used to determine their immunogenicity. Comparing four different melanoma cell lines, little overlap of the HLA-bound peptides was found, suggesting a high degree of individualization of the HLA peptidomes. This notwithstanding, the peptidomes were highly immunogenic in the patients from whom the tumor cells had been established and in unrelated patients. This broad cross-patient immunogenicity was only exceptionally related to individual peptides. The majority of the identified epitopes were derived from low to medium abundance proteins, mostly involved in sensitive cellular processes such as cell cycle control, DNA replication, control of gene expression, tumor suppressor function, and protein metabolism. The peptidomes thus provide insights into processes potentially related to tumorigenesis. Furthermore, analyses of the peptide sequences yield information on the specificity of peptide selection by HLA applicable to the developing prediction algorithms for T cell epitopes.Journal of Biological Chemistry 08/2012; 287(40):33401-11. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M112.358903 · 4.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To identify a novel lung adenocarcinoma (AdC) biomarker, iTRAQ-tagging combined with 2D LC-MS/MS analysis was used to identify differentially expressed plasma membrane (PM) proteins in primary lung AdCs and paraneoplastic normal lung tissues (PNLTs). As a result, 36 differentially expressed membrane proteins were identified. Two differential PM proteins flotillin-1 and caveolin-1 were selectively validated by Western blotting. As there has been no report on the association of flotillin-1 with lung AdC, immunohistochemistry was further performed to detect the expression of flotillin-1 in the archival tissue specimens including 42 cases of PNLTs, 62 cases of primary lung AdCs with lymph node metastasis (LNM AdCs), and 46 cases of primary lung AdCs without lymph node metastasis (non-LNM AdCs), and the correlation of flotillin-1 expression levels in lung AdCs with clinicopathological features and clinical outcomes were evaluated. The results showed that up-regulation of flotillin-1 expression in lung AdCs was significantly correlated with advanced clinical stage, lymph node metastasis, increased postoperative relapse and decreased overall survival. Cox regression analysis revealed that the expressional level of flotillin-1 was an independent prognostic factor. The data suggest that flotillin-1 is a potential novel biomarker for lymph node metastasis and prognosis of lung AdC, and flotillin-1 up-regulation might play an important role in the pathogenesis of lung AdC.Journal of proteomics 09/2012; DOI:10.1016/j.jprot.2012.08.021 · 3.93 Impact Factor