Antimelanogenic and antioxidative properties of Bifidobacterium bifidum.
ABSTRACT Various skin hyperpigmentation disorders consist in accumulation and overproduction of melanin. In this report, we investigated the melanogenesis inhibitory and antioxidant effects of Bifidobacterium bifidum culture filtrate. The results revealed that B. bifidum culture filtrate effectively suppresses murine tyrosinase activity and decreases the amount of intracellular melanin in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, the bacterial culture filtrate-scavenged DPPH and ABTS radicals, and shows potent-reducing power in a dose-dependent pattern. Our results expand the application of B. bifidum culture filtrate in the development and research of skin-whitening ingredients.
- SourceAvailable from: Ismael GalvánPigment Cell & Melanoma Research 03/2009; 22(3):339-42. · 5.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aims: The current study aimed at assessing, in vitro, the potential use of probiotics for the skin.Methods and Results: Propionibacteria were chosen as potential probiotics as they are members of the normal cutaneous microbiota. Dairy strains were chosen because of their documented safe use. Production of anti-microbial substances was assessed, against selected skin pathogens. Only production of organic acids was detected. Two of the tested strains were found to exhibit high adhesion to human keratin, in vitro. Despite this high adhesion, no inhibition of skin pathogen adhesion to human keratin was observed.Conclusions: The current strains assessed may not be optimal for use as skin probiotics. However, the results of the study show that the methodology works for investigating this kind of application.Significance and Impact of the Study: Methods for selecting probiotics for potential application on the skin are presented.Letters in Applied Microbiology 04/2003; 36(5):327 - 331. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cells of the vertebrate neural crest (crest cells) differentiate in vitro to melanocytes and sympathoadrenal (SA) progenitor cells. We have shown previously, using primary J. quail neural crest cultures, the combinatorial effect of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and cAMP signaling on SA cell development. Herein, we report that in primary J. quail neural crest cultures, BMP-2 and cAMP signaling similarly exert a combinatorial effect on melanocyte development. We demonstrate that BMP-2 treatment of neural crest cells increases melanogenesis by promoting the synthesis of melanin. This increased melanin synthesis by BMP-2 is effected by the selective increase in the transcription of the tyrosinase gene, encoding the rate-limiting enzyme of the melanin biosynthetic pathway. By contrast, BMP-2 exerts no effect on the expression of the tyrosine-related proteins 1 and 2 (Tyrpl and Dct), also involved in the melanin biosynthetic process, or on the expression of microphalmia (Mitf) gene, supporting the fact that BMP-2 does not affect melanocyte differentiation. Employing transient transfection analysis of tyrosinase-reporter constructs in B16 melanoma cells, we demonstrate that the BMP-2 response-element is localized between 900 and 1,100 bp upstream from the tyrosinase transcriptional start site. These studies support a role for BMP-2 in melanogenesis by selectively targeting the expression of the tyrosinase gene involved in melanin biosynthesis.Pigment Cell Research 05/2002; 14(5):328 - 336. · 4.29 Impact Factor