CYP2A6 and ERCC1 polymorphisms correlate with efficacy of S-1 plus cisplatin in metastatic gastric cancer patients

Center for Gastric Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, 111 Jungbalsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang, Gyeonggi, 410-769, Republic of Korea.
British Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.08). 03/2011; 104(7):1126-34. DOI: 10.1038/bjc.2011.24
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We evaluated the association between polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6)/excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1)/X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1(XRCC1) and treatment outcomes of metastatic gastric cancer (MGC) patients treated with S-1/cisplatin.
Among MGC patients (n=108), who received S-1 (40 mg m(-2) b.i.d., days 1-14) and cisplatin (60 mg m(-2), day 1) every 3 weeks, we analysed the wild-type allele (W) and variants (V) of CYP2A6 (*4, *7, *9, *10), and the polymorphisms of ERCC1 (rs11615, rs3212986) and XRCC1 (rs25487).
Patients having fewer CYP2A6 variants had better response rates (W/W vs W/V other than *1/*4 vs V/V or *1/*4=66.7 vs 58.3 vs 32.3%; P=0.008), time to progression (TTP) (7.2 vs 6.1 vs 3.5 months, P=0.021), and overall survival (23.2 vs 15.4 vs 12.0 months, P=0.004). ERCC1 19442C>A (rs3212986) was also associated with response rate (C/C, 46.7% vs C/A, 55.3% vs A/A, 87.5%) (P=0.048) and TTP (4.4 vs 7.6 vs 7.9 months) (P=0.012). Patients carrying both risk genotypes of CYP2A6 (V/V or 1/*4) and ERCC1 19442C>A (C/C) vs those carrying none showed an adjusted odds ratio of 0.113 (P=0.004) for response, and adjusted hazard ratios of 3.748 (P=0.0001) for TTP and 2.961 (P=0.006) for death.
Polymorphisms of CYP2A6 and ERCC1 19442C>A correlated with the efficacy of S-1/cisplatin.

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