CYP2A6 and ERCC1 polymorphisms correlate with efficacy of S-1 plus cisplatin in metastatic gastric cancer patients.

Center for Gastric Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, 111 Jungbalsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang, Gyeonggi, 410-769, Republic of Korea.
British Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.08). 03/2011; 104(7):1126-34. DOI: 10.1038/bjc.2011.24
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We evaluated the association between polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6)/excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1)/X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1(XRCC1) and treatment outcomes of metastatic gastric cancer (MGC) patients treated with S-1/cisplatin.
Among MGC patients (n=108), who received S-1 (40 mg m(-2) b.i.d., days 1-14) and cisplatin (60 mg m(-2), day 1) every 3 weeks, we analysed the wild-type allele (W) and variants (V) of CYP2A6 (*4, *7, *9, *10), and the polymorphisms of ERCC1 (rs11615, rs3212986) and XRCC1 (rs25487).
Patients having fewer CYP2A6 variants had better response rates (W/W vs W/V other than *1/*4 vs V/V or *1/*4=66.7 vs 58.3 vs 32.3%; P=0.008), time to progression (TTP) (7.2 vs 6.1 vs 3.5 months, P=0.021), and overall survival (23.2 vs 15.4 vs 12.0 months, P=0.004). ERCC1 19442C>A (rs3212986) was also associated with response rate (C/C, 46.7% vs C/A, 55.3% vs A/A, 87.5%) (P=0.048) and TTP (4.4 vs 7.6 vs 7.9 months) (P=0.012). Patients carrying both risk genotypes of CYP2A6 (V/V or 1/*4) and ERCC1 19442C>A (C/C) vs those carrying none showed an adjusted odds ratio of 0.113 (P=0.004) for response, and adjusted hazard ratios of 3.748 (P=0.0001) for TTP and 2.961 (P=0.006) for death.
Polymorphisms of CYP2A6 and ERCC1 19442C>A correlated with the efficacy of S-1/cisplatin.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human genomic DNA is in a dynamic balance of damage and repair. Cells employ multiple and specific repair pathways, such as nucleotide excision repair (NER), as unrepaired DNA damage has deleterious consequences and could give rise to carcinogenesis. Gene polymorphisms play a crucial role in predicting the risk and prognosis of cancer. Polymorphisms of NER-related genes could alter the ability of NER to effectively monitor and repair DNA damage, and thus may be associated with genetic susceptibility, chemotherapeutic sensitivity and prognosis of cancer. In recent years, increasing studies have focused on the association between polymorphisms of NER genes and gastric cancer, the world's fourth most common cancer and the second most common cause for cancer-related death. Here we reviewed the recent studies on the associations between polymorphisms of NER genes and gastric cancer from perspectives of genetic susceptibility, chemotherapeutic sensitivity and prognosis.
    Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 04/2014; · 3.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We conducted a study to investigate the role of excision repair cross-complimentary group 1 gene (ERCC1)-xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group F (XPF) gene polymorphisms in response to chemotherapy and clinical outcome of gastric patients. Three SNPs in ERCC1 (rs11615, rs3212986, and rs2298881) and two SNPs in XPF (rs2276465 and rs6498486) were extracted using Tiangen DNA kit (Tiangen Biotech, Beijing, China) according to the manufacturer's instructions. The median follow-up time was 36.4 months, and ranged from 2-60 months. During the follow-up period, 112 patients died from gastric cancer. Individuals carrying ERCC1 rs11615 AA and XPF rs6498486 CC genotypes were associated with poorer response to chemotherapy when compared with wild-type genotype, with the ORs (95 % CI) of 0.48 (0.25-0.94) and 0.38 (0.14-1.00). In the Cox proportional hazards model, individuals carrying ERCC1 rs11615 GA and AA genotype had 1.91 and 2.66 risk of death when compared with those carrying GG genotype. Patients carrying the XPF rs6498486 AC and CC genotype were associate with 2.17 and 4.91-fold risk of death when compared with wild-type genotype. In conclusion, we found that ERCC1 rs11615 and XPF rs2276465 may substantially contribute to the future design of individualized cancer treatment in gastric cancer patients.
    Tumor Biology 05/2014; · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: No effective biomarkers have been confirmed to predict chemosensitivity for patients with gastric cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether DNA methylation is associated with chemosensitivity in patients with gastric cancer. Tumors and matched non-tumor biopsy tissues collected from 134 advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients prior to fluorouracil-based chemotherapy were retrospectively analyzed. The methylation status of p16, E-cadherin (CDH1), MGMT (O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase), and human mutL homolog 1 (hMLH1) was evaluated using a Methylight assay, and the association between p16 methylation and the sensitivity of 5-fluorouracil in cell lines was determined by in vitro assay. The methylation of p16 (17.9 vs. 0 %, P = 0.002), CDH1 (20.9 vs. 2.2 %, P < 0.001), MGMT (17.9 vs. 0 %, P = 0.052), and hMLH1 (14.9 vs. 2.2 %, P = 0.024) was more common in gastric cancer tissues (n = 134) than in non-tumor tissues (n = 46). For all patients, a reverse correlation was only found between p16 methylation and clinical response (P = 0.017), which suggested that p16 methylation might be associated with chemosensitivity of fluorouracil in gastric cancer patients. Results from in vitro experiments demonstrated that p16 methylation was closely correlated with the sensitivity of 5-fluorouracil in gastric cancer cells. The present results indicated that the methylation of p16, CDH1, MGMT, and hMLH1 was both frequent and specific in gastric cancer tissues. p16 Methylation might be used to predict chemosensitivity of fluorouracil for patients with AGC when validated in large samples in the future.
    Medical Oncology 06/2014; 31(6):988. · 2.14 Impact Factor


1 Download
Available from