Contribution of quorum sensing to the virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in pressure ulcer infection in rats.
ABSTRACT The impact of quorum sensing (QS) in in vivo models of infection has been widely investigated, but there are no descriptions for ischemic wound infection. To explore the role of QS in Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the establishment of ischemic wound infection, we challenged a pressure ulcer model in rats with the PAO-1, PAO-1 derivatives ΔlasIΔrhlI and ΔlasRΔrhlR strains, which cannot induce the virulence factor under QS control, thus the reduced tissue destruction was expended in these mutant strains. However unexpectedly, on postwounding day 3, the inflammatory responses in the three groups were similarly severe and the numbers of bacteria in tissue samples did not differ among the three strains. Biofilm formation was immature in QS-deficient strains, defined by the absence of dense bacterial aggregates and extracellular polymeric substance, which was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. The Pseudomonas aeruginosa QS signal, acylated homoserine lactone, was only quantified from wound samples in the PAO-1 group. The swimming and twitching motilities were significantly enhanced in the ΔlasRΔrhlR group compared with the PAO-1 group in vitro. A significantly larger wound area was correlated with the bacterial motility. The inflammation in the early phase of bacterial challenge to wounds with immature biofilm formation in the QS-deficient strains indicated that the role of QS was more crucial for the chronic phase than for the acute phase of infection. The present findings indicate a difference in the importance of QS in ischemic wound infections compared with other infection models.
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ABSTRACT: Renaturation kinetics of labeled Agrobacterium tumefaciens DNA are not influenced by addition of 10(4)-fold excess of crown gall tumor DNA. Reconstruction experiments demonstrated that 0.01% added bacterial DNA produces a detectable increase in rate of renaturation of labeled DNA. Crown gall tumor DNA therefore cannot contain as much as 0.01% A. tumefaciens DNA (one entire bacterial genome per three diploid tumor cells). By the same technique, PS8 bacteriophage DNA is not detected in crown gall tumor DNA under conditions that allow detection of 0.0007-0.001% added phage DNA. Crown gall tumor DNA cannot contain as much as one entire phage genome per diploid tumor cell. The presence of a small fraction of either genome (less than 5%), even if present as multiple copies, would escape detection by this method.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 10/1974; 71(9):3672-6. · 9.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing systems, las and rhl, control the production of numerous virulence factors. In this study, we have used the burned-mouse model to examine the contribution of quorum-sensing systems to the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa infections in burn wounds. Different quorum-sensing mutants of P. aeruginosa PAO1 that were defective in the lasR, lasI, or rhlI gene or both the lasI and rhlI genes were utilized. The following parameters of the P. aeruginosa infection were examined: (i) lethality to the burned mouse, (ii) dissemination of the P. aeruginosa strain within the body of the infected mouse (by determining the numbers of CFU of P. aeruginosa within the liver and spleen), and (iii) spread of the P. aeruginosa strain within the burned skin (by determining the numbers of CFU of P. aeruginosa at the inoculation site and at a site about 15 mm from the inoculation site [distant site]). In comparison with that of PAO1, the in vivo virulence of lasI, lasR, and rhlI mutants was significantly reduced. However, the most significant reduction in in vivo virulence was seen with the lasI rhlI mutant. The numbers of CFU that were recovered from the livers, spleens, and skin of mice infected with different mutants were significantly lower than those of PAO1. At 8 and 16 h post burn infection, comparable numbers of CFU of PAO1 and lasI and rhlI mutants were obtained from both the inoculation and distant sites of the burned skin of infected mice. In contrast, CFU of the lasR mutant and the lasI rhlI double mutant were recovered only from the inoculation site of infected mice at 8 and 16 h post burn infection. The ability of a plasmid carrying either the lasI or rhlI gene or the lasI and rhlI genes to complement the defect of the lasI rhlI double mutant was also examined. The presence of any of these plasmids within the lasI rhlI double mutant significantly enhanced its in vivo virulence, as well as its ability to spread within the burned skin. These results suggest that the quorum-sensing systems play an important role in the horizontal spread of P. aeruginosa within burned skin and in the dissemination of P. aeruginosa within the bodies of burned-and-infected mice and contributed to the overall virulence of P. aeruginosa in this animal model.Infection and Immunity 12/1999; 67(11):5854-62. · 4.07 Impact Factor