Effects of interferons α/β on the proliferation of human micro- and macrovascular endothelial cells.
ABSTRACT Synthetic interferons (IFNs) are used in the treatment of several types of cancer. In addition to an antitumor effect, IFNs show antiangiogenic activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of IFN-α and IFN-β on human micro- and macrovascular endothelial cells in vitro [human micro vascular lung endothelial cells (HMVEC-L) and human umbilical cord endothelial cells (HUVEC)]. By immunohistochemical staining and quantitative reverse transcriptase (RT)-polymerase chain reaction, we studied expression of type I IFN receptors. We evaluated the effects of IFN-α and IFN-β on the proliferation (DNA content), apoptosis (DNA fragmentation by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), and cell cycle distribution (flow-cytometric analysis) of endothelial cells. HUVEC and HMVEC-L cells show comparable expression level of the distinct IFN receptor subtypes. Proliferation of HMVEC-L and HUVEC was inhibited by IFN-β (the half maximal inhibitory concentration [IC(50)] = 60 and 90 IU/mL, respectively), but not by IFN-α at a dose up to 1,000 IU/mL. An interesting and unexpected observation was an inhibition of apoptosis by IFN-β. After 72 h of treatment with IFN-β. Cell cycle inhibition occurs in late S-phase in both cell lines. In conclusion, only IFN-β, not IFN-α (10-1,000 IU/mL), has an inhibitory activity on endothelial cell proliferation. Surprisingly, apoptosis was decreased by IFN treatment, whereas inhibition of proliferation is caused by cell cycle arrest in late S-phase.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Ed Croze, Apr 14, 2014
The Journal of Dermatology 04/2014; 41(4):364-5. DOI:10.1111/1346-8138.12435 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Chemokine (CC motif) receptor-like 2 (CCRL2) binds leukocyte chemoattractant chemerin and can regulate local levels of the attractant, but does not itself support cell migration. In this study, we show that CCRL2 and VCAM-1 are upregulated on cultured human and mouse vascular endothelial cells (EC) and cell lines by proinflammatory stimuli. CCRL2 induction is dependent on NF-κB and JAK/STAT signaling pathways, and activated endothelial cells specifically bind chemerin. In vivo, CCRL2 is constitutively expressed at high levels by lung endothelial cells and at lower levels by liver endothelium; and liver but not lung EC respond to systemic LPS injection by further upregulation of the receptor. Plasma levels of total chemerin are elevated in CCRL2(-/-) mice and are significantly enhanced after systemic LPS treatment in CCRL2(-/-) mice compared with wild-type mice. Following acute LPS-induced pulmonary inflammation in vivo, chemokine-like receptor 1 (CMKLR1)(+) NK cell recruitment to the airways is significantly impaired in CCRL2(-/-) mice compared with wild-type mice. In vitro, chemerin binding to CCRL2 on endothelial cells triggers robust adhesion of CMKLR1(+) lymphoid cells through an α(4)β(1) integrin/VCAM-1-dependent mechanism. In conclusion, CCRL2 is expressed by EC in a tissue- and activation-dependent fashion, regulates circulating chemerin levels and its bioactivity, and enhances chemerin- and CMKLR1-dependent lymphocyte/EC adhesion in vitro and recruitment to inflamed airways in vivo. Its expression and/or induction on EC by proinflammatory stimuli provide a novel and specific mechanism for the local enrichment of chemerin at inflammatory sites, regulating the recruitment of CMKLR1(+) cells.The Journal of Immunology 06/2012; 189(2):956-67. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1102871 · 5.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. The etiopathogenesis of premature CVD is not fully understood, but recently interferon-alpha (IFNα) has been implicated as a contributing factor. Since IFNα has been associated with both disease activity and endothelial dysfunction in lupus patients, we aimed to determine whether IFNα has direct effects on human aortic endothelial cell (HAoEC) function in vitro. We studied the function of IFNα2b-treated HAoECs in terms of cell proliferation, capillary-like network formation, and nitric oxide (NO) generation. Changes in gene expression were also analyzed using an exon gene array. IFNα2b regulated the expression of 198 genes, including recognized interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs). Gene ontology analysis showed over-representation of genes involved in antigen presentation and host response to virus but no significant changes in clusters of genes recognized as important in endothelial cell activation or dysfunction. HAoEC proliferation, tubule formation, and NO bioavailability were unchanged, suggesting that IFNα in isolation does not have a direct impact on aortic endothelial cell function.Journal of interferon & cytokine research: the official journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research 01/2014; DOI:10.1089/jir.2013.0016 · 3.90 Impact Factor