Supramolecular organization and charge transport properties of self-assembled π-π stacks of perylene diimide dyes.
ABSTRACT Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been coupled to valence bond/Hartree-Fock (VB/HF) quantum-chemical calculations to evaluate the impact of diagonal and off-diagonal disorder on charge carrier mobilities in self-assembled one-dimensional stacks of a perylene diimide (PDI) derivative. The relative distance and orientation of the PDI cores probed along the MD trajectories translate into fluctuations in site energies and transfer integrals that are calculated at the VB/HF level. The charge carrier mobilities, as obtained from time-of-flight numerical simulations, span several orders of magnitude depending on the relative time scales for charge versus molecular motion. Comparison to experiment suggests that charge transport in the crystal phase is limited by the presence of static defects.
- SourceAvailable from: Luca Muccioli[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We address the calculation of charge carrier mobility of liquid-crystalline columnar semiconductors, a very promising class of materials in the field of organic electronics. We employ a simple coarse-grained theoretical approach and study in particular the temperature dependence of the mobility of the well-known triphenylene family of compounds, combining a molecular-level simulation for reproducing the structural changes and the Miller-Abrahams model for the evaluation of the transfer rates within the hopping regime. The effects of electric field, positional and energetic disorder are also considered. Simulations predict a low energetic disorder (~0.05 eV), slightly decreasing with temperature within the crystal, columnar and isotropic phases, and fluctuations of the square transfer integral of the order of 0.003 eV(2). The shape of the temperature-dependent mobility curve is however dominated by the variation of the transfer integral and barely affected by the disorder. Overall, this model reproduces semi-quantitatively all the features of experimentally measured mobilities, on one hand reinforcing the correctness of the hopping transport picture and of its interplay with system morphology, and on the other suggesting future applications for off-lattice modeling of organic electronics devices.Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 02/2012; 14(16):5368-75. · 4.20 Impact Factor