[Vertical profile of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in sediment from an E-waste area in South China].
State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China.Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 12/2010; 31(12):3088-92.
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were determined in a sediment core collected from a reservoir in an electronic waste (e-waste) area of South China. PBDEs were detected throughout the core,with a mean value of 9.26 ng/g dry weight. 0.43 to 141 ng/g PBDEs concentrations were low (0.43-2.30 ng/g) and varied less in the lower layers (below 16 cm) of the core,whereas their concentrations increased remarkably in the upper layers (2.90-141 ng/g). The vertical distribution of PBDEs indicated the influence of local e-waste recycling activities. PBDEs originated from commercial deca-BDE mixture were the dominant congeners, accounting for 79.6% of the total PBDEs, followed by PBDEs from penta-BDEs (14.7%). PBDEs from octa-BDEs contributed only 5.69%. The difference between PBDE congener profiles in the sediment and those in the commercial penta-, octa-, and deca-BDEs suggests the possible degradation of highly brominated PBDEs in the sediment, which was further supported by the occurrence of BDE202 and the vertical variation of the fractions of nona-BDE congeners and ratios of BDE197/BDE201. However, more work is needed regarding PBDE degradation in the environment.
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ABSTRACT: Decabromodiphenyl ether (DBDE) is a brominated flame retardant that is commonly used in many commercial products. Sorption of DBDE within a soil/water system can result in serious bioaccumulation within the ecological system and be a threat to human health. Little is known about aerobic DBDE biodegradation, and the influence of the UV light radiation on DBDE biodegradation has not been considered. This study, for the first time, isolates DBDE biodegrading aerobic mixed bacterial cultures from DBDE-contaminated soil/water systems in Taiwan. The aerobic biodegradation of DBDE as a sole carbon source in the presence of 365 nm UVA irradiation over 10 months was investigated using a clay/water system. The rate constants for DBDE degradation gave values ranging from 0.0121 to 0.0134 day−1 in the presence of UV irradiation, which were significantly higher than the 0.0092-0.0102 day−1 values obtained in complete darkness. The aerobic metabolites: 2′,3′-dihydroxy-4-bromodiphenyl ether and 2′,3′-dihydroxy-diphenyl ether were identified by GC-MS. Debromination was ascribed to UV irradiation and biodegradation by facultative aerobic bacteria in the micro-anaerobic environment of the clay/water system. The products of debromination included 12 PBDE congeners (tri- to hexa-BDEs) and their concentrations ranged from 34.28 to 83.80 mg l−1. Specific bacteria capable of degrading PBDEs and carrying out nitrification/denitrification were identified. The present findings suggest that systems using a novel combination of photolysis and biodegradation could be developed to carry out DBDE remediation in the future.International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 11/2013; 85:671-682. DOI:10.1016/j.ibiod.2013.05.006 · 2.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The release of pollutants during the recycling of contaminated plastics is a problem which has drawn worldwide attention, however, little information on the transfer of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in these processes is available. We conducted a survey of PBDEs in soils, sediments, and human hair in a typical plastic waste recycling area in northern China. The total concentrations (ng/g) of 21 PBDEs were 1.25-5504 (average 600), 18.2-9889 (average 1619), and 1.50-861 (average 112) in soils, sediments, and hair, respectively. The PBDE concentrations were comparable to concentrations observed in e-waste recycling areas, however, the concentrations in soils and sediments were one to three orders of magnitude higher than in other areas and the concentrations in hair were much higher than in other areas. This indicates that this area is highly polluted with PBDEs. BDE-209 was the dominant congener (representing 91.23%, 92.3% and 91.5% of the total PBDEs observed in soils, sediments and hair, respectively), indicating that the commercial deca-BDE product was dominant. The commercial penta- and octa-BDE products made small contributions to the total PBDE concentrations, unlike what has been found in some e-waste recycling areas. Our results show that crude plastic waste processing is a major contributor of PBDEs to the environment and humans, which should be of great concern.Environmental Science & Technology 01/2014; 48(3). DOI:10.1021/es404905u · 5.33 Impact Factor
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