The World of Organic Agriculture - Statistics and Emerging Trends 2009

Source: OAI

ABSTRACT The 2009 edition of this annual publication documents recent developments in global organic agriculture. It includes contributions from representatives of the organic sector from throughout the world and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover surface area under organic management, numbers of farms and specific information about commodities and land use in organic systems. The book also contains information on the global market of the burgeoning organic sector, the latest developments in organic certification, standards and regulations, and insights into current status and emerging trends for organic agriculture by continent.

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    ABSTRACT: An increasing number of individuals and businesses involved in the tourism industry have begun activities related to organic farming and organic agro-products not only in Europe and North America but also in developing countries in Asia. Both organic farming and rural tourism are considered important to socially and economically sustainable rural development. The influences on the establishment of or conversion to organic farming have been much discussed in Europe but not in developing countries. This study focuses on Nepal, where small-scale organic farming occurs in tourism areas, and qualitatively reveals the motivations for organic farming and other factors related to its adoption. It was found that the reasons for introducing organic farming practices varied with the timing of their adoption. Additionally, the kinds of organic-related activities adopted varied depending on how the individual adopter first encountered the term “organic farming.” However, all individuals involved in organic farming shared some common motivations, such as desires for personal health, quality produce and rural development.
    Environment Development and Sustainability 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Many current organic arable agriculture systems are challenged by a dependency on imported livestock manure from conventional agriculture. At the same time organic agriculture aims at being climate friendly. A life cycle assessment is used in this paper to compare the carbon footprints of different organic arable crop rotations with different sources of N supply. Data from long-term field experiments at three different locations in Denmark were used to analyse three different organic cropping systems (‘Slurry’, ‘Biogas’ and ‘Mulching’), one conventional cropping system (‘Conventional’) and a “No input” system as reference systems. The ‘Slurry’ and ‘Conventional’ rotations received slurry and mineral fertilizer, respectively, whereas the ‘No input’ was unfertilized. The ‘Mulching’ and ‘Biogas’ rotations had one year of grass-clover instead of a faba bean crop. The grass-clover biomass was incorporated in the soil in the ‘Mulching’ rotation and removed and used for biogas production in the ‘Biogas’ rotation (and residues from biogas production were simulated to be returned to the field). A method was suggested for allocating effects of fertility building crops in life cycle assessments. The results showed significantly lower carbon footprint of the crops from the ‘Biogas’ rotation (assuming that biogas replaces fossil gas) whereas the remaining crop rotations had comparable carbon footprints per kg cash crop. The study showed considerable contributions caused by the green manure crop (grass-clover) and highlights the importance of analysing the whole crop rotation and including soil carbon changes when estimating carbon footprints of organic crops especially where green manure crops are included.
    Journal of Cleaner Production 02/2014; 64:609-618. · 3.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The first strategic organic agriculture (OA) activities in Macedonia happened around 2000. Despite the country’s huge agro-ecological potential only during last decade there was a significant OA development thanks mainly to governmental financial support schemes, market opportunities and an enabling environment. The paper aims at providing an insight into Macedonian organic agriculture with a focus on governance, legal and political framework and market. It is mainly based on secondary data from the specialised literature. The work (i) analyses historical development and potential for and SWOT of Macedonian OA; (ii) examines legal and policy framework (e.g. Strategy for Organic Agriculture) and its alignment with the acquis communautaire; (iii) investigates roles of main public and civil society institutions involved in organic policy design and implementation (e.g. ministries; bureaux; agencies; bodies; institutes; Biomak and Biosan federations, associations) as well as international organisations (e.g. FiBL, SIDA, GTZ); and (iv) analyses Macedonian organic agro-food production - plant and animal production, wild collection and beekeeping – as well as processing, distribution and marketing; mainly linkages with international supply chains, and market actors and their roles. More than 200,000 ha of wild collection; more than 1,000 ha of arable land - mainly cereals, vegetables and fruit -; thousands of animal heads – especially dairy cows, sheep, goats and pigs - as well as thousands of beehives are certified organic. The sector is linked to international supply chains and is export-oriented. Domestic market is still quite small. Macedonia is in an early stage of organic food production, processing, distribution and marketing. Organic production is still not developed sufficiently in volume and diversity. Further growth is expected as a well-structured NGO network and a committed national policy push the organic sector.
    Agriculture and Forestry journal. 01/2014; 60(1):15-26.

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May 19, 2014