Treatment results of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in a residential treatment program.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.
Eating disorders 03/2011; 19(2):117-31. DOI: 10.1080/10640266.2011.551629
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Data on the effectiveness of residential treatment for patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) are limited. We analyzed patient survey results at admission and discharge from Monte Nido Residential Treatment Program. Of 287 consecutive admissions, 80% (231) "graduated" (completed ≥ 30 days of treatment), and of these (all of whom gave consent), only patients with AN (N = 120) or BN (N = 95) were included (215 of 231, 93%) in this study. Analyses included a comparison of admission vs. discharge variables (paired t-tests) for each diagnosis. At each assessment, graduates completed the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and a structured eating disorder assessment questionnaire. For patients with AN, there were statistically significant improvements in mean BMI. In addition, for both AN and BN patients, there were statistically significant improvements in BDI scores, all 11 EDI-2 subscales, and frequencies of bingeing, vomiting, laxative abuse, chewing and spitting, stimulant abuse, and restricting behavior. The great majority of patients completing treatment showed significant improvement at discharge from intensive residential treatment.


Available from: Timothy D Brewerton, Jun 02, 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study compared the effects of residential treatment on improving health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between males and females diagnosed with eating disorders (EDs) from admission to discharge and at follow-up. This study also analyzed the association between changes in HRQOL and changes in the severity of ED pathology, depression, and trait anxiety.
    Eating and weight disorders: EWD 11/2014; DOI:10.1007/s40519-014-0162-z · 0.68 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aims and method A community intensive treatment service for severe anorexia nervosa is described. The service is multidisciplinary but driven by a focus on psychological formulation. Psychological and dietetic interventions are grounded in a process of active risk management. Evaluations of safety, cost and acceptability of the service are described. Results Patients are highly satisfied with their care. A relatively low mortality rate for such a high-risk population was observed. In-patient bed use and costs were substantially reduced. Clinical implications There is a case for greater use of intensive community care for patients with severe anorexia nervosa, as it can be acceptable to patients, relatively safe and cost less than admission.
    Psychiatric Bulletin 10/2014; 38(5). DOI:10.1192/pb.bp.113.044818
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective Cohort study from February 2003 through May 2011 to determine weight restoration and refeeding complication outcomes for patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) treated in an integrated inpatient-partial hospital eating disorder program designed to produce rapid weight gain and weight restoration in the majority.Method Consecutive admissions (females and males, adolescents and adults; N = 361 patients, 461 admissions) at least 1.8 kg below target weight with AN or subthreshold variants were included. Main outcome measures were rates of hypophosphatemia, transfer to medicine, or death; rates of weight gain and percent achieving weight restoration.ResultsHypophosphatemia was present in 7.9% of cases at admission and in 18.5% at some point during treatment. Hypophosphatemia was mild to moderate. Lower admission body mass index (BMI), but not rate of weight gain, predicted hypophosphatemia [OR = 0.65; p < .00001 (95% CI 0.57–0.76)]. Five patients (1.1%) were transferred to medicine or surgery, none because of refeeding. There were no deaths. Mean inpatient weight gain was 1.98 kg/week; mean partial hospital weight gain was 1.36 kg/week. By program discharge, 71.8% of adults reached a BMI of 19, 58.5% a BMI of 20. For adolescents, 80.4% came within 2 kg of their target weight; 76.1% came within 1 kg.DiscussionRefeeding patients with AN using a hospital-based, behavioral protocol may be accomplished safely and more rapidly than generally recognized, weight restoring most patients by discharge. Helpful elements may include the program's integrated, step-down structure; multidisciplinary team approach emphasizing group therapy to effect behavior change; and close medical monitoring for those with BMI < 15. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2015)
    International Journal of Eating Disorders 01/2015; DOI:10.1002/eat.22390 · 3.03 Impact Factor