Influence of publication of US and European prostate cancer screening trials on PSA testing practices.

Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA 98101,USA.
CancerSpectrum Knowledge Environment (Impact Factor: 15.16). 02/2011; 103(6):520-3. DOI: 10.1093/jnci/djr007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In 2009, results from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial indicated no difference in mortality between the screening and the control groups (rate ratio = 1.13, 95% confidence interval = 0.75 to 1.70), whereas those from the European Randomized study of Screening for Prostate Cancer trial indicated a 20% reduction in mortality among the screening group (rate ratio = 0.80, 95% confidence interval = 0.65 to 0.98). In this study, we examined whether prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing has changed following these publications. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of men seen at least once in a primary care or urology clinic between August 1, 2004, and March 31, 2010, who received a PSA test. Following the publications, PSA use declined slightly-by 3.0 percentage points and 2.7 percentage points among men aged 40-54 and 55-74 years, respectively. PSA testing among men older than 75 years initially declined slightly following the recommendations by the US Preventive Services Task Force in 2008 and continued to decline after the trial publications.

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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have demonstrated that sera from patients with prostate cancer (PCa) contain autoantibodies that react with tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). Autoantibodies to cyclin B1 and fourteen other TAAs were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting in 464 sera from patients with PCa, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and other controls. Autoantibodies to cyclin B1 were detected in 31.0% of sera from randomly selected patients with PCa versus 4.8% in sera with BPH. In the further analysis, 31.4% of sera from PCa patients at the early stage contained anti-cyclin B1 autoantibody, and even 29.4% of patients who had normal prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in their serum samples were observed anti-cyclin B1 positive. The cumulative positive rate of autoantibodies against seven selected TAAs (cyclin B1, survivin, p53, DFS70/LEDGFp75, RalA, MDM2, and NPM1) in PCa reached 80.5%, significantly higher than that in normal control sera. In summary, autoantibody to cyclin B1 might be a potential biomarker for the immunodiagnosis of early stage PCa, especially useful in patients with normal PSA level. This study further supports the hypothesis that a customized TAA array can be used for enhancing anti-TAA autoantibody detection, and it may constitute a promising and powerful tool for immunodiagnosis of PCa.
    Research Journal of Immunology 01/2014; 2014:827827. DOI:10.1155/2014/827827
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    ABSTRACT: Background: In 2008, the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended against prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing for cancer screening in men age 75+. Purpose: To assess PSA screening by primary care physicians (PCPs) before and after recommendations. Methods: In 2013, this retrospective cohort study analyzed PCPs in Texas with 20+ male patients aged 75+ in both 2007 and 2010, with Parts A and B Medicare. The main outcome was percent of PCP's male patients 75+ who received PSA testing ordered by the PCP in 2007 and 2010, with no recent symptoms suggestive of prostate cancer. Results: In both 2007 and 2010, 1,083 PCPs cared for at least 20 men aged 75 or older. The rate of PSA screening ordered by PCPs was 33.2% in 2007 and 30.6% in 2010. In multilevel analyses controlling for patient characteristics, the variation in PSA screening attributable to the PCP (intraclass correlation coefficient) increased from 23% in 2007 to 26% in 2010, p<0.001. Men with PCPs older than age 60 had 9% lower odds (95% CI, 1-17%) in 2010 compared to 2007 of receiving a PSA test, vs. a 4% increase (95% CI, 4% decrease to 12% increase) in men with PCPs aged 50 or younger. Patients with Board Certified PCPs had a 12% lower odds (95% CI, 8% to 16%) from 2007 to 2010, vs. 2% increase (95% CI 11% decrease to 18% increase) in men with PCPs without board certification. Conclusions: The USPSTF recommendation did not increase consensus among PCPs regarding PSA screening of older men.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e107352. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107352 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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