A disintegrin and metalloprotease 17 mediates neointimal hyperplasia in vasculature.
ABSTRACT The requirement of a metalloprotease, a disintegrin and metalloprotease 17 (ADAM17) for the growth of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells has been demonstrated in vitro. However, whether this metalloprotease is responsible for vascular remodeling in vivo remains unanswered. Rat carotid arteries were analyzed 2 weeks after a balloon angioplasty. The neointimal cells were strongly positive for ADAM17 immunostaining. Marked inhibition of intimal hyperplasia was observed in a dominant-negative ADAM17 adenovirus-treated carotid artery. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive cells and phospho-epidermal growth factor receptor-positive cells in the neointima were reduced by dominant-negative ADAM17 as well. In contrast, the neointima formation, proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive cells, and phospho-epidermal growth factor receptor-positive cells were markedly enhanced by wild-type ADAM17 adenovirus. In conclusion, ADAM17 activation is involved in epidermal growth factor receptor activation and subsequent neointimal hyperplasia after vascular injury. ADAM17 could be a novel therapeutic target for pathophysiological vascular remodeling.
Article: Intracellular mechanisms involved in vascular remodelling of resistance arteries in hypertension: role of angiotensin II.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Resistance arteries undergo structural changes (vascular remodelling) in hypertension. These changes involve media thickening, reduced lumen diameter and consequent increased media:lumen ratio. Cellular processes underlying these events include altered vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth, migration, differentiation and increased extracellular matrix abundance. Another factor contributing to remodelling is inflammation, associated with macrophage infiltration, fibrosis and increased expression of redox-sensitive pro-inflammatory genes. Among the factors involved in arterial remodelling, angiotensin (Ang) II appears to be one of the most important. Ang II, a multifunctional peptide with pleiotropic actions, modulates vasomotor tone, cell growth, apoptosis/anoikis, cell migration and extracellular matrix deposition. It is pro-inflammatory and it stimulates production of growth factors and vasoactive agents. The multiple actions of Ang II are mediated via complex intracellular signalling pathways including stimulation of the phosholipase C (PLC)-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG) cascade, mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, tyrosine kinases and RhoA/Rho kinase. Furthermore, Ang II elicits many of its (patho)physiological effects by stimulating reactive oxygen species (*O2- and H2O2) generation through activation of vascular NAD(P)H oxidase. *O2- and H2O2 in turn influence downstream signalling molecules including transcription factors, tyrosine kinases/phosphatases, Ca2+ channels and MAP kinases. Interaction between these systems is complex and dysregulation at any level may contribute to vascular remodelling. Targeting such molecules/pathways could prevent or induce regression of hypertensive vascular damage thereby ameliorating development of hypertension and preventing target organ damage. The present review discusses the role of Ang II in remodelling of resistance arteries, focusing on some signalling pathways involved in vascular growth and inflammation in hypertension.Experimental Physiology 08/2005; 90(4):449-55. · 3.21 Impact Factor