Conditional mutagenesis of the genome using site-specific DNA recombination

CSH protocols 01/2007; 2007:pdb.top12.
Source: PubMed


INTRODUCTIONAltering the genome of intact cells and organisms by site-specific DNA recombination has become an important gene-transfer methodology. DNA modifications produced by gene transfer and homologous recombination are typically static once integrated among target cell chromosomes. In contrast, the inclusion of exogenous recombinase target sequences within transferred DNA segments allows subsequent modifications to previously altered genomic structure that increase the utility of gene transfer and enhance experimental design. Creating tissue- and cell-type-specific genetic lesions in animal models, indelibly marking progenitors for cell fate mapping, inducing large-scale chromosomal rearrangements, and complementing gene defects in studies of phenotypic maintenance and reversion are all possible by directing recombinase expression using gene transfer among experimentally modified genomes. Moreover, this approach is effective in providing controlled data establishing genotype-phenotype relationships and allows for the excision of introduced marker genes that can affect neighboring chromatin structure and function. Although early work involved the yeast Flp recombinase, most studies in mammalian systems have used the Cre recombinase derived from bacteriophage P1. Both enzymes are members of the integrase family of recombinases but bind to distinct DNA target signals. Cre recombinase operates on the 34-bp loxP sequence and, like Flp, performs conservative recombination involving DNA segments positioned among these target sites.

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    ABSTRACT: Site specific recombinases are widely used for selectable marker recycling in molecular-genetic manipulations with eukaryotic cells. This usually involves the use of two genetic constructs, one of which possesses a selectable marker flanked by the recombinase recognition sequences, while the other one bears the recombinase gene. Combining the recombinase gene with its recognition sequences in one plasmid is usually avoided, since it may lead to undesirable recombination due to promoter leakage while the plasmid is maintained in Escherichia coli cells. Here we describe yeast vectors possessing Cre recombinase genes under control of regulatable yeast promoters and loxP sequences for the in vivo vector backbone excision. The plasmid stability in E. coli is ensured by the presence of an intron in the recombinase gene. Applicability of these vectors was validated by disruptions of the Hansenula polymorpha PMC1 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae HSP104 and PRB1 genes.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    FEMS Yeast Research 08/2014; 14(7). DOI:10.1111/1567-1364.12197 · 2.82 Impact Factor