Are trained individuals more likely to perform bystander CPR? An observational study

Department of Preventive Services, Kyoto University School of Public Health, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.
Resuscitation (Impact Factor: 3.96). 02/2011; 82(5):523-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.01.027
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate the association of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training with bystander resuscitation performance and patient outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).
This was a prospective, population-based cohort study of all persons aged 18 years or older with OHCA of presumed intrinsic origin and their rescuers from January through December 2008 in Takatsuki, Osaka prefecture, Japan. Data on resuscitation of OHCA patients were obtained by emergency medical service (EMS) personnel in charge based on the Utstein style. Rescuers' characteristics including experience of CPR training were obtained by EMS personnel interview on the scene. The primary outcome was the attempt of bystander CPR.
Data were collected for 120 cases out of 170 OHCAs of intrinsic origin. Among the available cases, 60 (50.0%) had previous CPR training (trained rescuer group). The proportion of bystander CPR was significantly higher in the trained rescuer group than in the untrained rescuer group (75.0% and 43.3%; p = 0.001). Bystanders who had previous experience of CPR training were 3.40 times (95% confidence interval 1.31-8.85) more likely to perform CPR compared with those without previous CPR training. The number of patients with neurologically favorable one-month survival was too small to evaluate statistical difference between the groups (2 [3.3%] in the trained rescuer group versus 1 [1.7%] in the untrained rescuer group; p = 0.500).
People who had experienced CPR training had a greater tendency to perform bystander CPR than people without experience of CPR training. Further studies are needed to prove the effectiveness of CPR training on survival.

  • Resuscitation 12/2011; 83(3):279-80. DOI:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.12.017 · 3.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) significantly improves survival after a sudden cardiopulmonary collapse. This study assessed the basic life support (BLS) knowledge and performance of high school students before and after CPR training. This study included 132 teenagers (mean age 14.6 ± 1.4 years). Students completed a two-hour training course that provided theoretical background on sudden cardiac death (SCD) and a hands-on CPR tutorial. They were asked to perform BLS on a manikin to simulate an SCD scenario before the training. Afterwards, participants encountered the same scenario and completed a questionnaire for self-assessment of their pre- and post-training confidence. Four months later, we assessed the knowledge retention rate of the participants with a BLS performance score. Before the training, 29.5% of students performed chest compressions as compared to 99.2% post-training (P < 0.05). At the four-month follow-up, 99% of students still performed correct chest compressions. The overall improvement, assessed by the BLS performance score, was also statistically significant (median of 4 and 10 pre- and post-training, respectively, P < 0.05). After the training, 99.2% stated that they felt confident about performing CPR, as compared to 26.9% (P < 0.05) before the training. BLS training in high school seems highly effective considering the minimal amount of previous knowledge the students possess. We observed significant improvement and a good retention rate four months after training. Increasing the number of trained students may minimize the reluctance to conduct bystander CPR and increase the number of positive outcomes after sudden cardiopulmonary collapse.
    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 04/2012; 20:31. DOI:10.1186/1757-7241-20-31 · 1.93 Impact Factor
  • Circulation 08/2012; 126(8):991-1002. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.023895 · 14.95 Impact Factor
Show more