N-butyl cyanoacrylate embolization for pseudoaneurysms complicating pancreatitis or pancreatectomy.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of transcatheter arterial embolization with n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for pseudoaneurysms complicating pancreatitis or pancreatectomy.
Twelve procedures were performed in nine patients (seven men and two women; mean age, 60.6 years) for pseudoaneurysms that occurred secondary to pancreatitis or as a consequence of pancreatic juice leakage at the site of pancreatectomy. For embolization, NBCA was mixed with iodized oil at a ratio of 1:1-1:4; in one patient with failed selective catheterization of the target vessel, the mixture ratio was 1:9. Technical and clinical success rates, recurrent bleeding, procedural complications, serum amylase level, and clinical outcome were determined for each procedure.
Embolization was technically successful in all procedures, with no recurrent bleeding documented from the initially treated territory. In three procedures, we encountered additional bleeding vessels at 11, 33, and 49 days after the procedures, which were successfully managed by a second embolization in each case. There were no major complications related to the procedures. As minor complications, in two procedures, the embolized material overflowed beyond the target vessels; however, no clinically significant ischemic events were observed in the embolized territories. Serum amylase did not increase compared with initial levels after any of the procedures. Seven patients were discharged after clinical improvement. Two patients died 2 and 3 weeks after the embolization as a result of multiple organ failure not associated with the procedure.
In this limited series, NBCA embolization was found to be feasible and effective for pseudoaneurysms as a complication of pancreatitis or pancreatectomy.
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ABSTRACT: Aortography for detecting hemorrhage is limited when determining the catheter treatment strategy because the artery responsible for hemorrhage commonly overlaps organs and non-responsible arteries. Selective catheterization of untargeted arteries would result in repeated arteriography, large volumes of contrast medium, and extended time. A volume-rendered hemorrhage-responsible arteriogram created with 64 multidetector-row CT (64MDCT) during aortography (MDCTAo) can be used both for hemorrhage mapping and catheter navigation. The MDCTAo depicted hemorrhage in 61 of 71 cases of suspected acute arterial bleeding treated at our institute in the last 3 years. Complete hemostasis by embolization was achieved in all cases. The hemorrhage-responsible arteriogram was used for navigation during catheterization, thus assisting successful embolization. Hemorrhage was not visualized in the remaining 10 patients, of whom 6 had a pseudoaneurysm in a visceral artery; 1 with urinary bladder bleeding and 1 with chest wall hemorrhage had gaze tamponade; and 1 with urinary bladder hemorrhage and 1 with uterine hemorrhage had spastic arteries. Six patients with pseudoaneurysm underwent preventive embolization and the other 4 patients were managed by watchful observation. MDCTAo has the advantage of depicting the arteries responsible for hemoptysis, whether from the bronchial arteries or other systemic arteries, in a single scan. MDCTAo is particularly useful for identifying the source of acute arterial bleeding in the pancreatic arcade area, which is supplied by both the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries. In a case of pelvic hemorrhage, MDCTAo identified the responsible artery from among numerous overlapping visceral arteries that branched from the internal iliac arteries. In conclusion, a hemorrhage-responsible arteriogram created by 64MDCT immediately before catheterization is useful for deciding the catheter treatment strategy for acute arterial bleeding.SpringerPlus 01/2014; 3:67.
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ABSTRACT: Pseudoaneurysms are common complications of interventional cardiovascular procedures and represent a significant burden for patients and for health-care systems. Ultrasound-guided thrombin injection is nowadays considered as the treatment of choice for iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms without indication to surgery, but accepted guidelines are currently lacking. In recent years, several novel therapeutic approaches have been suggested, often as limited, single-center experiences. In the present review, the authors focus on promising techniques that may represent an alternative to ultrasound-guided thrombin injection, further reducing the need for surgical treatment.Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy 05/2014;
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ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the technical success, safety, and outcome of endovascular embolization procedure in management of visceral artery pseudoaneurysms. Materials and Methods: 46 patients were treated for 53 visceral pseudoaneurysms at our institution. Preliminary diagnostic workup in all cases was performed by contrast enhanced abdominal CT scan and/or duplex ultrasound. In all patients, embolization was performed as per the standard departmental protocol. For data collection, medical records and radiology reports of all patients were retrospectively reviewed. Technical success, safety, and outcome of the procedure were analyzed. Results: Out of 46 patients, 13 were females and 33 were males. Mean patient age was 44.79 ± 13.9 years and mean pseudoaneurysm size was 35 ± 19.5 mm. Technical success rate for endovascular visceral pseudoaneurysm coiling was 93.47% (n = 43). Complication rate was 6.52% (n = 3). Followup was done for a mean duration of 21 ± 1.6 months (0.5–69 months). Complete resolution of symptoms or improvement in clinical condition was seen in 36 patients (80%) out of those 45 in whom procedure was technically successful. Conclusion: Results of embolization of visceral artery pseudoaneurysms with coils at our center showed high success rate and good short term outcome.Radiology Research and Practice. 07/2014; 2014(258954):1-6.