N-butyl Cyanoacrylate Embolization for Pseudoaneurysms Complicating Pancreatitis or Pancreatectomy
ABSTRACT To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of transcatheter arterial embolization with n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for pseudoaneurysms complicating pancreatitis or pancreatectomy.
Twelve procedures were performed in nine patients (seven men and two women; mean age, 60.6 years) for pseudoaneurysms that occurred secondary to pancreatitis or as a consequence of pancreatic juice leakage at the site of pancreatectomy. For embolization, NBCA was mixed with iodized oil at a ratio of 1:1-1:4; in one patient with failed selective catheterization of the target vessel, the mixture ratio was 1:9. Technical and clinical success rates, recurrent bleeding, procedural complications, serum amylase level, and clinical outcome were determined for each procedure.
Embolization was technically successful in all procedures, with no recurrent bleeding documented from the initially treated territory. In three procedures, we encountered additional bleeding vessels at 11, 33, and 49 days after the procedures, which were successfully managed by a second embolization in each case. There were no major complications related to the procedures. As minor complications, in two procedures, the embolized material overflowed beyond the target vessels; however, no clinically significant ischemic events were observed in the embolized territories. Serum amylase did not increase compared with initial levels after any of the procedures. Seven patients were discharged after clinical improvement. Two patients died 2 and 3 weeks after the embolization as a result of multiple organ failure not associated with the procedure.
In this limited series, NBCA embolization was found to be feasible and effective for pseudoaneurysms as a complication of pancreatitis or pancreatectomy.
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ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the technical success, safety, and outcome of endovascular embolization procedure in management of visceral artery pseudoaneurysms. Materials and Methods: 46 patients were treated for 53 visceral pseudoaneurysms at our institution. Preliminary diagnostic workup in all cases was performed by contrast enhanced abdominal CT scan and/or duplex ultrasound. In all patients, embolization was performed as per the standard departmental protocol. For data collection, medical records and radiology reports of all patients were retrospectively reviewed. Technical success, safety, and outcome of the procedure were analyzed. Results: Out of 46 patients, 13 were females and 33 were males. Mean patient age was 44.79 ± 13.9 years and mean pseudoaneurysm size was 35 ± 19.5 mm. Technical success rate for endovascular visceral pseudoaneurysm coiling was 93.47% (n = 43). Complication rate was 6.52% (n = 3). Followup was done for a mean duration of 21 ± 1.6 months (0.5–69 months). Complete resolution of symptoms or improvement in clinical condition was seen in 36 patients (80%) out of those 45 in whom procedure was technically successful. Conclusion: Results of embolization of visceral artery pseudoaneurysms with coils at our center showed high success rate and good short term outcome.07/2014; 2014(258954):1-6. DOI:10.1155/2014/258954
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ABSTRACT: Pseudoaneurysms are common complications of interventional cardiovascular procedures and represent a significant burden for patients and for health-care systems. Ultrasound-guided thrombin injection is nowadays considered as the treatment of choice for iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms without indication to surgery, but accepted guidelines are currently lacking. In recent years, several novel therapeutic approaches have been suggested, often as limited, single-center experiences. In the present review, the authors focus on promising techniques that may represent an alternative to ultrasound-guided thrombin injection, further reducing the need for surgical treatment.Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy 05/2014; DOI:10.1586/14779072.2014.923308
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ABSTRACT: New type of liquid embolic agents based on a liquid crystalline material of glyceryl monooleate (GMO) was developed and evaluated in this study. Ternary phase diagram of GMO, water and ethanol was constructed and three isotropic liquids (ILs, GMO: ethanol: water=49:21:30, 60:20:20 and 72:18:10 (w/w/w)) were selected as potential liquid embolic agents, which could spontaneously form viscous gel cast when contacting with water or physiological fluid. The ILs exhibited excellent microcatheter deliverability due to low viscosity, and were proved to successfully block the saline flow when performed in a device to simulate embolization in vitro. The ILs also showed good cytocompatibility on L929 mouse fibroblast cell line. The embolization of ILs to rabbit kidneys was performed successfully under monitoring of digital subtraction angiography (DSA), and embolic degree was affected by the initial formulation composition and used volume. At 5(th) week after embolization, DSA and computed tomography (CT) confirmed the renal arteries embolized with IL did not recanalize in follow-up period, and an obvious atrophy of the embolized kidney was observed. Therefore, the GMO-based liquid embolic agents showed feasible and effective to embolize, and potential use in clinical interventional embolization therapy.International Journal of Pharmaceutics 05/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ijpharm.2014.05.036 · 3.79 Impact Factor