Development of Cu2O/Carbon Vulcan XC-72 as non-enzymatic sensor for glucose determination.

Chemical Engineering Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
Biosensors & bioelectronics (Impact Factor: 5.43). 02/2011; 26(8):3542-8. DOI:10.1016/j.bios.2011.01.042
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A novel and stable non-enzymatic glucose sensor was developed based on the chemical reduction of Cu(2)O nanoparticles on Carbon Vulcan XC-72 using NaBH(4) as the reducing agent via the impregnation method. Different molar ratios of NaBH(4) to the copper salt were employed during the reduction step. This was found to affect the morphology; composition and structure of the prepared samples as investigated by TEM, EDX and XRD analyses. Cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry were applied to examine the electrocatalytic activity of the different samples of Cu(2)O/Carbon Vulcan XC-72 towards glucose oxidation in alkaline medium. The 'x70' sample got the highest oxidation current density and the lowest oxidation potential. The performance of this sensor was evaluated showing a wide linear range up to 6mM with sensitivity of 629 μA cm(-2)mM(-1) and detection limit of 2.4 μM. Its good tolerance to ascorbic acid with long-term stability elects Cu(2)O/Carbon Vulcan XC-72 as a promising glucose sensor.

0 0
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the pursuit of electrocatalysts with great economic and ecological values for non-enzymatic glucose sensors, one-dimensional copper@carbon (Cu@C) core-shell coaxial nanowires (NWs) have been successfully prepared via a simple continuous flow wet-chemistry approach from electroplating wastewater. The as-obtained products were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, selected area electron diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. The electrocatalytic activity of the modified electrodes by Cu@C NWs towards glucose oxidation was investigated by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. It was found that the as-obtained Cu@C NWs showed good electrochemical properties and could be used as an electrochemical sensor for the detection of glucose molecules. Compared to the other electrodes including the bare Nafion/glassy carbon electrode (GCE) and several hot hybrid nanostructures modified GCE, a substantial decrease in the overvoltage of the glucose oxidation was observed at the Cu@C NWs electrodes with oxidation starting at ca. 0.20 V vs. Ag/AgCl (3 M KCl). At an applied potential of 0.65 V, Cu@C NWs electrodes had a high and reproducible sensitivity of 437.8 µA cm(-2) mM(-1) to glucose. Linear responses were obtained with a detection limit of 50 nM. More importantly, the proposed electrode also had good stability, high resistance against poisoning by chloride ion and commonly interfering species. These good analytical performances make Cu@C NWs promising for the future development of enzyme-free glucose sensors.
    The Analyst 11/2012; · 4.23 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the pursuit of more economical electrocatalysts for non-enzymatic glucose sensors, one-dimensional Cu nanowires (Cu NWs) with uniform size distribution and a large aspect ratio (>200) were synthesized by a facile, scalable, wet-chemistry approach. The morphology, crystallinity, and surface property of the as-prepared Cu NWs were examined by SEM, XRD, and XPS, respectively. The electrochemical property of Cu NWs for glucose electrooxidation was thoroughly investigated by cyclic voltammetry. In the amperometric detection of glucose, the Cu NWs modified glassy carbon electrode exhibited an extraordinary limit of detection as low as 35 nM and a wide dynamic range with excellent sensitivity of 420.3 μA cm(-2) mM(-1), which was more than 10,000 times higher than that of the control electrode without Cu NWs. The performance of the developed glucose sensor was also independent to oxygen concentration and free from chloride poisoning. Furthermore, the interference from uric acid, ascorbic acid, acetaminophen, fructose, and sucrose at the level of their physiological concentration were insignificant, indicating excellent selectivity. Finally, good accuracy and high precision for the quantification of glucose concentration in human serum samples implicate the applicability of Cu NWs in sensitive and selective non-enzymatic glucose detection.
    Biosensors & bioelectronics 11/2011; 31(1):426-32. · 5.43 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For the first time, a facile, one-pot water/ethanol solution-phase transformation of Cu2(NO3)(OH)3 precursors into bicomponent CuO hierarchical nanoflowers is demonstrated by a sequential in situ dissolution-precipitation formation mechanism. The first stage produces a precursory crystal (monoclinic Cu2(NO3)(OH)3) that is transformed into monoclinic CuO nanoflowers during the following stage. Water is a required reactant, and the morphology-controlled growth of CuO nanostructures can be readily achieved by adjusting the volume ratio between water and ethanol. Such a bicomponent CuO hierarchical nanoflower serving as a promising electrode material for a nonenzymatic glucose biosensor shows higher sensitivity and excellent selectivity. The findings reveal that the different CuxMy(OH)z (M = acidic radical) precursors synthesized in a water/ethanol reaction environment can be utilized to obtain new forms of CuO nanomaterials, and this unique water-dependent precursor-transformation method may be used to effectively control the growth of other metal oxide nanostructures.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 05/2013; · 3.83 Impact Factor