Cardiovascular effects of chronic treatment with a β2-adrenoceptor agonist relieving neuropathic pain in mice.

Institut des Neurosciences Cellulaires et Intégratives, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 21 rue René Descartes, 67084 Strasbourg cedex, France.
Neuropharmacology (Impact Factor: 4.82). 02/2011; 61(1-2):51-60. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.02.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Neuropathic pain is often a chronic condition, disabling and difficult to treat. Using a murine model of neuropathic pain induced by placing a polyethylene cuff around the main branch of the sciatic nerve, we have shown that chronic treatment with β-AR agonists is effective against neuropathic allodynia. β-mimetics are widely used against asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and may offer an interesting option for neuropathic pain management. The most prominent adverse effects of chronic treatment with β-mimetics are cardiovascular. In this study, we compared the action of low doses of the selective β(2)-AR agonist terbutaline and of a high dose of the mixed β(1)/β(2)-AR agonist isoproterenol on cardiovascular parameters in a neuropathic pain context. Isoproterenol was used as a positive control for some heart-related changes. Cardiac functions were studied by echocardiography, hemodynamic measurements, histological analysis of fibrosis and cardiac hypertrophy, and by quantitative real time PCR analysis of atrial natriuretic peptide (Nppa), periostin (Postn), connective tissue growth factor (Ctgf) and β-myosin heavy chain (Myh7). Our data show that a chronic treatment with the β(2)-AR agonist terbutaline at low antiallodynic dose does not affect cardiovascular parameters, whereas the mixed β(1)/β(2)-AR agonist isoproterenol induces cardiac hypertrophy. These data suggest that low doses of β(2)-AR agonists may provide a suitable treatment with rare side effects in neuropathic pain management. This study conducted in an animal model requires clinical confirmation in humans.

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    ABSTRACT: Peripheral polyneuropathy is a frequent complication of diabetes. One of its consequences is neuropathic pain which is often chronic and difficult to treat. This pain management classically involves anticonvulsant drugs or tricyclic antidepressant drugs (TCA). We have previously shown that beta2 adrenoceptors and delta opioid receptors are critical for TCA action in a traumatic model of neuropathic pain. In the present work, we used the obese leptin deficient mice (ob/ob) which are a genetic model of type 2 diabetes in order to study the treatment of diabetic polyneuropathy. ob/ob mice with hyperglycemia develop tactile bilateral allodynia. We investigated the action of the TCA nortriptyline and the beta2 adrenoceptor agonist terbutaline on this neuropathic allodynia. The consequences of acute and chronic treatments were tested, and mechanical allodynia was assessed by using von Frey hairs. Chronic but not acute treatment with nortriptyline alleviates allodynia caused by the diabetic neuropathy. This effect depends on beta2 adrenoceptors but not on alpha2 adrenoceptors, as shown by the blockade with repeated co-administration of the beta2 adrenoceptor antagonist ICI118551 but not with repeated co-administration of the alpha2 adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine. Direct stimulation of beta2 adrenoceptors appears sufficient to relieve allodynia, as shown with chronic terbutaline treatment. Delta but not mu opioid receptors seem important to these action since acute naltrindole, but not acute naloxonazine, reverses the effect of chronic nortriptyline or terbutaline treatment.
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    ABSTRACT: Neuropathic pain arises as a consequence of a lesion or a disease affecting the somatosensory system. This syndrome results from maladaptive changes in injured sensory neurons and along the entire nociceptive pathway within the central nervous system. It is usually chronic and challenging to treat. In order to study neuropathic pain and its treatments, different models have been developed in rodents. These models derive from known etiologies, thus reproducing peripheral nerve injuries, central injuries, and metabolic-, infectious- or chemotherapy-related neuropathies. Murine models of peripheral nerve injury often target the sciatic nerve which is easy to access and allows nociceptive tests on the hind paw. These models rely on a compression and/or a section. Here, the detailed surgery procedure for the "cuff model" of neuropathic pain in mice is described. In this model, a cuff of PE-20 polyethylene tubing of standardized length (2 mm) is unilaterally implanted around the main branch of the sciatic nerve. It induces a long-lasting mechanical allodynia, i.e., a nociceptive response to a normally non-nociceptive stimulus that can be evaluated by using von Frey filaments. Besides the detailed surgery and testing procedures, the interest of this model for the study of neuropathic pain mechanism, for the study of neuropathic pain sensory and anxiodepressive aspects, and for the study of neuropathic pain treatments are also discussed.
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