Article

CONSORT 2010 statement: Updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials.

Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America.
Journal of pharmacology & pharmacotherapeutics 07/2010; 1(2):100-7. DOI: 10.4103/0976-500X.72352
Source: PubMed
0 Bookmarks
 · 
70 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Utilizing a convenience sample from a drug court program, the authors investigated the benefits of treatment for noncompleting drug court clients (n = 30). Using an as-treated design, the qualitative investigation assessed whether noncompleters received any benefit from their drug court experience. In-depth interviews were conducted to determine both benefits gained and reductions in harm that occurred as a result of drug court participation. Data analysis was guided by the grounded theory method. Outcomes of coding indicated that participants' motivation and self-efficacy were enhanced through the intervention. Further, participants reported that their relationships with family, therapists, or peers were improved as a result of their involvement with drug court. Individuals in the study sample reported abstinence or decreased substance use, as well as improvements in employment and/or educational attainment. Participants' perceptions of barriers to program completion were also noted. Study outcomes suggest that expansion of a harm reduction approach in social service practice may have utility for drug-abusing populations. Limitations of the research, including lack of generalizability, are discussed. Further research of harm reduction effects with a larger, heterogeneous sample size is recommended.
    Journal of Social Service Research 04/2014; 40(3):325-338. DOI:10.1080/01488376.2013.875094 · 0.44 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Leaves on a stream: The effectiveness of a mindfulness-based exercise on the frequency, and difficulty in " letting go " of, anxious self-statements Dan Hartnett Researcher, School of Psychology, University College Dublin Alan Carr Professor of clinical psychology, School of Psychology, University College Dublin A controlled trial was conducted to investigate the effect of a brief mindfulness-based intervention on the frequency, and difficulty in " letting go " of anxious self-statements. Each day for a week participants in the treatment group (n = 28) listened to the Leaves on a Stream mindfulness exercise (LeJeune, 2012), while those in the control group (n = 29) listened to a passage of prose of equal duration. The mean scores of both groups improved from pre-to post-intervention. However, after intervention, the treatment group did not display lower frequency or difficulty in letting go of anxious self-statements than the control group. Explanations for, and practical implications of, these results are discussed.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim-Background Liver transplantation is an acceptable therapy in selective patients with hepatic epithelioid haemangioendothelioma (HEH) and has been reported in absent or limited extrahepatic disease. The purpose of this paper is to present an interesting case of a new surgical technique involving the use of an inferior vena cava graft from a 24-hour deceased donor in a patient who underwent liver transplantation from a living donor. Case report-Methods We describe a 45-year-old woman with rapidly growing HEH and tumour involvement of all hepatic veins with obstruction of the inferior cava. The patient underwent living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). In view of the need for urgent liver replacement and the lack of banked vessels, we used a cava graft obtained from a blood-group matched man, who died twenty-four hours prior to LDLT. His cadaver was temporarily cold and stored in the Department of Pathology prior to his funeral. The recipient was put on mTOR inhibitor and carefully monitored. Results The cava interpolate remained uneventfully open. Six months after surgery, the patient developed an asymptomatic partial thrombosis of 30% at interpolation which was treated with low molecular weight heparin. Eighteen months after the initial operation, the patient died due to diffuse disease recurrence. Conclusions Following a review of the literature, this case emerges as the first description (new technique) of the use of a venous graft derived from a stored human cadaver, twenty-four hours after cardiac arrest. Questions arise as to whether the solution to technical surgical problems is the only safe and effective parameter in achieving the best treatment modality for similar cases.
    Hellēnikē cheirourgikē. Acta chirurgica Hellenica 11/2014; 85(6):431-436. DOI:10.1007/s13126-013-0081-x