La competitivite de l’agriculture et des industries agroalimentaires dans le Mercosur et l’Union europeenne dans une perspective de liberalisation commerciale

CEPII research center, Working Papers 01/2004;
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT Cette etude a pour objectif d’evaluer les consequences d’une liberalisation commerciale du commerce agricole et agroalimentaire entre le Mercosur et l’Union europeenne, ainsi que d’identifier les principaux points sur lesquels devront se concentrer les negociations commerciales sectorielles entre les deux blocs. Pour ce faire, une analyse detaillee du commerce agroalimentaire bilateral est effectuee, suivie de l’etude des points forts et des points faibles en termes de competitivite de chacun des deux blocs dans ce domaine. Enfin, un regard specifique est porte sur la protection appliquee aux produits agricoles et agroalimentaires au Mercosur et a l'Union europeenne, avec l’objectif d’identifier les postes pour lesquels les perspectives de gains commerciaux resultant de la liberalisation bilaterale sont les plus importants.

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    ABSTRACT: Since the Phoenicians inhabited the land of Canaan (the modern Lebanon), wine earned historical, cultural, social and economic dimensions in the life of its population. Through their trade network, evidence shows that the Phoenicians distributed wine, wine grapes and the winemaking technology that they had acquired from the east, throughout the Mediterranean region. However, the Lebanese wine sector did not take the required attention of the scientific community. Thus, this study gathers agri-food trade data, from national and international sources to analyse the Lebanese wine sector and evaluate its competitiveness in the international market using the revealed trade advantage and the revealed competitiveness indicators. Both indicators show that Lebanese wine has average competitiveness in the world market. This level of competitiveness can fluctuate depending on the political situation and the trade region and is highest for America and Asia. Finally, the study urges a long-term, general political framework that involves all stakeholders and policy-makers to work towards a sustainable Lebanese wine.
    Journal of Wine Research 11/2014; DOI:10.1080/09571264.2014.959658