Novel cell-free and concentrated ascites reinfusion therapy (KM-CART) for refractory ascites associated with cancerous peritonitis: its effect and future perspectives.
ABSTRACT We have actively carried out cell-free and concentrated ascites reinfusion therapy (CART) for refractory ascites. However, with conventional CART, the membrane becomes clogged after processing about 2 L of cancerous ascites fluid due to the fact that it is rich in cellular and mucous components; it is therefore difficult to process the entire volume of collected ascites.
We developed KM-CART which includes a membrane cleaning function, and applied it in 73 cases of cancerous ascites, after its basic functions had been evaluated in 11 cases of refractory cancerous ascites.
On average, using KM-CART, 6.4 L (range 1.7-14.9 L) of ascites were filtrated and concentrated to 0.8 L (0.2-2.0 L) in 57 min (5-129 min); the membrane was cleaned an average of three times (range 0-10 times) and this enabled the processing of more ascites in a shorter period. In addition, the circuit and the handling were both markedly simple, and fever, which has been the most notable adverse effect with the conventional system, was not an issue.
Since KM-CART was safe and is expected to improve the subjective symptoms and general condition of the patient, it is proposed that this novel system should actively be used not only for palliation but also as supplementary treatment for cancerous peritonitis.
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ABSTRACT: Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) is one of the severe complications of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Systemic management including respiratory and circulatory support is necessary. In addition, abdominal paracentesis is often needed for pain relief and to reduce the pressure of tense ascites. Concentrated ascites reinfusion therapy (CART) involves the filtration, concentration, and reinfusion of drained ascites, which contributes to reuse of autologous proteins. CART has been reported as supportive therapy for patients with liver cirrhosis and cancer. We retrospectively reviewed the efficacy and safety of CART in three patients (two with acute myelogenous leukemia and one with chronic myeloid leukemia) who developed SOS after allo-HSCT. They all had symptomatic, tense, and diuretic-refractory ascites with right costal pain and marked weight gain. Two patients showed immediate improvement after CART. However, one patient experienced four CARTs with slow recovery. All patients are now alive and are being monitored as outpatients over 2 years with remission. No severe adverse event was observed related to CART, and 25.2-98.0 (median 30.2) grams of albumin was collected and reinfused. CART after paracentesis reduces protein loss in ascites by reinfusion of autologous protein instead of exogenous albumin preparations. Although transient fever is reported as a frequent adverse event, no events like severe bleeding or infection were observed. While its safety has not been fully established in patients with hematological disease after HSCT, CART may be a considerable supportive therapy for SOS with tense ascites.Artificial Organs 05/2013; · 1.96 Impact Factor