Statewide NICU Central-Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection Rates Decline After Bundles and Checklists
ABSTRACT In 2008, all 18 regional referral NICUs in New York state adopted central-line insertion and maintenance bundles and agreed to use checklists to monitor maintenance-bundle adherence and report checklist use. We sought to confirm whether adopting standardized bundles and using central-line maintenance checklists reduced central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI).
This was a prospective cohort study that enrolled all neonates with a central line who were hospitalized in any of 18 NICUs. Each NICU reported CLABSI and central-line utilization data and checklist use. We used χ(2) to compare CLABSI rates in the preintervention (January to December 2007) versus the postintervention (March to December 2009) periods and Poisson regression to model adjusted CLABSI rates.
Each study period included more than 55 000 central-line days and more than 200 000 patient-days. CLABSI rates decreased 67% statewide (risk ratio: 0.33 [95% confidence interval: 0.27-0.41]; P < .0005); after adjusting for the altered central-line-associated bloodstream infection definition in 2008, by 40% (risk ratio: 0.60 [95% confidence interval: 0.48-0.75]; P < .0005). A total of 13 of 18 NICUs reported using maintenance checklists for 10% to 100% of central-line days. The checklist-use rate was associated with the CLABSI rate (coefficient: -0.57, P = .04). A total of 10 of 18 NICUs were independent CLABSI rate predictors, ranging from 1 site with greatly reduced risk (incidence rate ratio: 0.04, P < .0005) to 1 site with greatly increased risk (incidence rate ratio: 2.87, P < .0005).
Although standardizing central-line care elements led to a significant statewide decline in NICU CLABSIs, site of care remains an independent risk factor. Using maintenance checklists reduced CLABSIs.
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ABSTRACT: AimThe aim of this study was to investigate whether scrubbing the hub of intravenous catheters with an alcohol wipe for 15 seconds could reduce the incidence of neonatal sepsis in a level-three neonatal intensive care unit.Methods We studied the incidence of neonatal sepsis caused by coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) for 16.5 months before the initiative was launched on 15 May 2012 and then for a further 8.5 months after it was introduced. The hub routine was applied to all intravenous catheters.ResultsDuring the control period before the initiative was launched, there were nine cases of CoNS sepsis compared with no cases after it was introduced, resulting in a decrease in sepsis incidence from 1.5% to 0% with a risk reduction of 1.5% (0.53-2.58%) (p=0.06). In the preterm infant population, the incidence of sepsis decreased from 3.6% to 0% (1.1-6%) (p=0.11).Conclusion Scrubbing the hub of intravenous catheters with an alcohol wipe for 15 seconds seemed to be an efficient way of preventing sepsis caused by CoNS in newborn infants. However, the evidence for the benefits will remain weak until a large randomised trial has been completed.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.Acta Paediatrica 11/2014; 104(3). DOI:10.1111/apa.12866 · 1.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Bloodstream infection (BSI) is one of the significant causes of morbidity and mortality encountered in a neonatal intensive care unit, especially in developing countries. Despite the implementation of infection control practices, such as strict hand hygiene, the BSI rate in our hospital is still high. The use of a closed catheter access system to reduce BSI related to intravascular catheter has hitherto never been evaluated in our hospital. To determine the effects of closed catheter access system implementation in reducing the BSI rate in preterm neonates with low birth weight. Randomized clinical trial was conducted on 60 low birth weight preterm infants hospitalized in the neonatal unit at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia from June to September 2013. Randomized subjects either received a closed or non-closed catheter access system. Subjects were monitored for 2 weeks for the development of BSI based on clinical signs, abnormal infection parameters, and blood culture. Closed catheter access system implementation gave a protective effect toward the occurrence of culture-proven BSI (relative risk 0.095, 95% CI 0.011-0.85, p = 0.026). Risk of culture-proven BSI in the control group was 10.545 (95% CI 1.227-90.662, p = 0.026). BSI occurred in 75% of neonates without risk factors of infection in the control group compared to none in the study group. The use of a closed catheter access system reduced the BSI in low birth weight preterm infants. Choosing the right device design, proper disinfection of device, and appropriate frequency of connector change should be done simultaneously.Frontiers in Pediatrics 03/2015; 3:20. DOI:10.3389/fped.2015.00020
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate data for the period 2004-2013 to identify changes in demographics, pathogens, and outcomes in a single, level IV neonatal intensive care unit. Sepsis episodes were identified prospectively and additional information obtained retrospectively from infants with sepsis while in the neonatal intensive care unit from 2004 to 2013. Demographics, hospital course, and outcome data were collected and analyzed. Sepsis was categorized as early (≤3 days of life) or late-onset (>3 days of life). Four hundred fifty-two organisms were identified from 410 episodes of sepsis in 340 infants. Ninety percent of cases were late-onset. Rates of early-onset sepsis remained relatively static throughout the study period (0.9 per 1000 live births). For the first time in decades, most (60%) infants with early-onset sepsis were very low birth weight and Escherichia coli (45%) replaced group B streptococcus (36%) as the most common organism associated with early-onset sepsis. Rates of late-onset sepsis, particularly due to coagulase-negative staphylococci, decreased significantly after implementation of several infection-prevention initiatives. Coagulase-negative staphylococci were responsible for 31% of all cases from 2004 to 2009 but accounted for no cases of late-onset sepsis after 2011. The epidemiology and microbiology of early- and late-onset sepsis continue to change, impacted by targeted infection prevention efforts. We believe the decrease in sepsis indicates that these interventions have been successful, but additional surveillance and strategies based on evolving trends are necessary. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.The Journal of pediatrics 05/2015; 166(5). DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.02.009 · 3.74 Impact Factor