"Those exposed to RAS training in their residency or fellowship must provide evidence of experience with a minimum of 20 robotic cases. However, two important principles must be followed if RAS is to be successfully practised and taught . First, care must be provided in the context of a close-knit surgical team. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives
To discuss the current status of robot-assisted urological surgery.Methods
We searched PubMed for articles published from 2008 using the search terms ‘advances’, ‘robotic surgery equipment’ and ‘instrumentation’. We also searched PubMed for articles describing the latest developments in reconstructive techniques for lower and upper urinary tract procedures. Finally, we searched PubMed for original articles containing the terms ‘robotic surgery training’ and ‘credentialing’.ResultsWith each release of hardware or ancillary instrumentation, the reconstructive abilities of the da Vinci surgical system (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) improve. Recent developments in reconstructive capabilities of robotic urological surgery include posterior reconstruction during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, barbed sutures for urethrovesical anastomosis, sliding-clip renorrhaphy for robot-assisted partial nephrectomy, and repair of pelvic organ prolapse. The safe implementation of robotic surgery is aided by new guidelines in credentialing and proctoring, and the introduction of virtual reality simulators for training.Conclusion
Robotic urological surgery is rapidly developing and expanding globally. To achieve the highest levels of safety for patients, surgeons must ensure that the implementation of robotic surgery is an integrative and effective process.
Arab Journal of Urology 03/2012; 10(1):17–22. DOI:10.1016/j.aju.2011.12.004
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To develop and establish effectiveness of simulation-based robotic curriculum--fundamental skills of robotic surgery (FSRS).
FSRS curriculum was developed and incorporated into a virtual reality simulator, Robotic Surgical Simulator (RoSS). Fifty-three participants were randomized into an experimental group (EG) or control group (CG). The EG was asked to complete the FSRS and 1 final test on the da Vinci Surgical System (dVSS). The dVSS test consisted of 3 tasks: ball placement, suture pass, and fourth arm manipulation. The CG was directly tested on the dVSS then offered the chance to complete the FSRS and re-tested on the dVSS as a crossover (CO) group.
Sixty-five percent of participants had never formally trained using laparoscopic surgery. Ball placement: the EG demonstrated shorter time (142 vs 164 seconds, P = .134) and more precise (1.5 vs 2.5 drops, P = .014). The CO took less time (P <.001) with greater precision (P <.001). Instruments were rarely lost from the field. Suture pass: the EG demonstrated better camera utilization (4.3 vs 3.0, P = .078). Less instrument loss occurred (0.5 vs 1.1, P = .026). Proper camera usage significantly improved (P = .009). Fourth arm manipulation: the EG took less time (132 vs 157 seconds, P = .302). Meanwhile, loss of instruments was less frequent (0.2 vs 0.8, P = .076). Precision in the CO improved significantly (P = .042) and camera control and safe instrument manipulation showed improvement (1.5 vs 3.5, 0.2 vs 0.9, respectively).
FSRS curriculum is a valid, feasible, and structured curriculum that demonstrates its effectiveness by significant improvements in basic robotic surgery skills.
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