Neuronal expression, cytosolic localization, and developmental regulation of the organic solute carrier partner 1 in the mouse brain.
ABSTRACT Organic solute carrier partner 1 (OSCP1) is a mammalian, transporter-related protein that is able to facilitate the uptake of structurally diverse organic compounds into the cell when expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. This protein has been implicated in testicular handling of organic solutes because its mRNA expression is almost exclusive in the testis. However, in this study, we demonstrated significant expression of OSCP1 protein in mouse brain, the level of which was rather higher than that in the testis, although the corresponding mRNA expression was one-tenth of the testicular level. Immunohistochemistry revealed that OSCP1 was broadly distributed throughout the brain, and various neuronal cells were immunostained, including pyramidal cells in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus. However, there was no evidence of OSCP1 expression in glia. In primary cultures of cerebral cortical neurons, double-labeling immunofluorescence localized OSCP1 to the cytosol throughout the cell body and neurites including peri-synaptic regions. This was consistent with the subcellular fractionation of brain homogenates, in which OSCP1 was mainly recovered after centrifugation both in the cytosolic fraction and the particulate fraction containing synaptosomes. Immunoelectron microscopy of brain sections also demonstrated OSCP1 in the cytosol near synapses. In addition, it was revealed that changes in the expression level of OSCP1 correlated with neuronal maturation during postnatal development of mouse brain. These results indicate that OSCP1 may have a role in the brain indirectly mediating substrate uptake into the neurons in adult animals.
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ABSTRACT: Sulfated steroid hormones are commonly considered to be biologically inactive metabolites, but may be reactivated by the steroid sulfatase into biologically active free steroids, thereby having regulatory function via nuclear androgen and estrogen receptors which are widespread in the testis. However, a prerequisite for this mode of action would be a carrier-mediated import of the hydrophilic steroid sulfate molecules into specific target cells in reproductive tissues such as the testis. In the present study we detected predominant expression of the Sodium-dependent Organic Anion Transporter (SOAT), the Organic Anion Transporting Polypeptide 6A1, and the Organic Solute Carrier Partner 1 in human testis biopsies. All of these showed significantly lower or even absent mRNA expression in severe disorders of spermatogenesis (arrest at the level of spermatocytes or spermatogonia, Sertoli cell only syndrome). Only SOAT was significantly lower expressed in biopsies showing hypospermatogenesis. By use of immunohistochemistry SOAT was localized to germ cells at various stages in human testis biopsies showing normal spermatogenesis. SOAT immunoreactivity was detected in zygotene primary spermatocytes of stage V, pachytene spermatocytes of all stages (I-V), secondary spermatocytes of stage VI, and round spermatids (step 1 and step 2) in stages I and II. Furthermore, SOAT transport function for steroid sulfates was analyzed with a novel liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry procedure capable of profiling steroid sulfate molecules from cell lysates. With this technique, the cellular inward-directed SOAT transport was verified for the established substrates dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and estrone-3-sulfate. Additionally, β-estradiol-3-sulfate and androstenediol-3-sulfate were identified as novel SOAT substrates.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(5):e62638. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Organic solute carrier partner 1 (OSCP1) is known to facilitate the transport of various organic solutes into cells and reported to play a role in cell growth and cell differentiation. Moreover, OSCP1 is known as a tumor suppressor gene that is frequently down-expressed in nasopharyngeal carcinomas and acute myeloid leukemia. However, the underlying mechanisms of action remain unclear and the subcellular localization of OSCP1 has yet to be determined in detail.BMC Biochemistry 06/2014; 15(1):11. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Acyl-CoA thioesterases (Acots) are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of fatty acyl-CoAs to free fatty acids and coenzyme A, and have the potential to regulate the intracellular levels of these molecules. In this study, we show that a cytosolic isoform, Acot1, is expressed and distributed in immature adipocytes located in the perivascular region of the white adipose tissue (WAT) of rats. Immunoblot analyses detected Acot1 in all of the WATs examined, while immunohistochemistry revealed positively stained layered structures surrounding the adventitia of blood vessels in the subcutaneous WAT. When the subcutaneous WAT was digested with collagenase and centrifuged, Acot1 was recovered in the stromal vascular fraction (SVF), and not in the large mature adipocytes. In the SVF, undigested cells attached to short tubular fragments of blood vessels showed positive immunostaining, as well as a proportion of the dispersed cells. These fibroblast-like cells contained fine particulate lipid droplets, stained by oil-red O dye, in their cytoplasm, or expressed fatty acid-binding protein 4, an adipocyte marker. After induction of adipocyte differentiation following a 15-day preculture without insulin, the dedifferentiated cells showed increased Acot1 expression with a diffuse distribution throughout the cytosol. These findings suggest that Acot1 expression is transiently upregulated at an early stage of adipocyte maturation, possibly to maintain cytosolic acyl-CoAs below a certain level until the cells acquire their full capability for fat storage.Histochemie 02/2013; · 2.93 Impact Factor