The Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Science-Policy Interface

School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA.
Science (Impact Factor: 33.61). 02/2011; 331(6021):1139-40. DOI: 10.1126/science.1202400
Source: PubMed


Assessments must provide conditional predictions of specific policy outcomes, at well-defined spatial and temporal scales.

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    • "The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment has provided important evidence of both the past and ongoing degradation of global biodiversity and ecosystem services (MA, 2005). In response, a variety of international initiatives has been developed, including the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), which provides mechanisms to identify information and tools needed for policy makers (Perrings et al., 2011), and The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity initiative (TEEB), which has stimulated increased scientific interest in the economic valuation of ecosystem services (TEEB, 2010). "
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    ABSTRACT: We analyzed the state of the art in research on the economic valuation of ecosystem services in Spain. A review of 150 publications was conducted and included 649 economic value estimates. The results showed an increase in the number of scientific studies on the economic valuation of ecosystem services and a dissimilar distribution across regions. Cultural ecosystem services received the most attention, and coastal systems and forested areas were the most studied ecosystem types. We found differences in the economic value estimates among categories of services and among economic valuation methods, with provisioning services and market-based methods as those that elicited the highest economic values, respectively. Our results provide an overview of past and current economic valuation studies in Spain. In addition the results depict patterns that help in understanding the effects of different factors on economic value estimates and in providing insights for future research on ecosystem services assessment in Spain. We conclude that although economic assessments remain important in scientific and policy forums, we should also recognize additional approaches that are able to incorporate the plurality of values attached to ecosystem services.
    Environmental Science & Policy 01/2016; 55:186–195. DOI:10.1016/j.envsci.2015.10.001 · 3.02 Impact Factor
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    • "Millennium global targets on biodiversity (2000–2010) (Butchart et al., 2010). Expectations are high that the accumulation of research, theoretical approaches and practical experience with ESV will finally coalesce under the Intergovernmental Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) (Cardinale et al., 2012; Perrings et al., 2011, 2010). This assessment, however, presupposes that the prior limitations of ESV were technical in nature and that future limitations can be resolved by simply more research, theory and operationalization (e.g. "
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    ABSTRACT: Ecosystem services valuation (ESV) attempts to transform the opposition of human economic necessity and ecological conservation by valuing the latter in terms of the services rendered by the former. However, despite a number of ESV-inspired sustainability initiatives since the 1990s, global ecological degradation continues to accelerate. This suggests that ESV has fallen far short of its goals of sustainable social transformation—a failure which has generated considerable criticism. This paper reviews three prominent lines of ESV criticism: 1) the neo-Marxist criticism, which emphasizes the “fictitious” character of ecosystem commodities; 2) the liberal criticism through Friedrich Hayek’s concept “scientistic objectivism”; and 3) the pragmatist criticism of “value monism”. Although each form of criticism provides insight into the limitations of ESV, all share ESV’s inability to discern what kind of social transformation is possible. Unable to provide an account of their own immersion in social and historical context, these approaches operate in the hypothetical. In light of these shortcomings, this paper advances a critical theory approach, which we contend provides conceptual tools uniquely well-suited to more adequately address the question of social transformation.
    Ecological Economics 09/2015; Forthcoming. DOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.06.023 · 2.72 Impact Factor
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    • "Practical conservation involves complex social-ecological systems (Karanth and de Fries, 2010; Pereira et al., 2010; Perrings et al., 2011; Balmford, 2012; Barnosky et al., 2012; McCarthy et al., 2012; Waldron et al., 2013; Le Saout et al., 2014; Mace, 2014; Pimm et al., 2014; Schwitzer et al., 2014). This applies particularly for conservation on private landholdings, which involves legal, financial, and social interactions between multiple stakeholders (Knight et al., 2010; Bodin et al., 2014; Kamal et al., 2015a). "
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    ABSTRACT: Many threatened species worldwide rely on patches of remnant vegetation in private landholdings. To establish private reserves that contribute effectively to conservation involves a wide range of complex and interacting ecological, legal, social and financial factors. These can be seen as a series of successive hurdles, each with multiple bars, which must all be surmounted. The golden lion tamarin, Leontopithecus rosalia, is restricted to the Atlantic Forest biome in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This forest is largely cleared. There are many small remnant patches on private lands, able to support tamarins. Local NGO’s have successfully used limited funds to contribute to tamarin conservation in a highly cost effective way. We examined the mechanisms by analysing documents and interviewing landholders and other stakeholders. We found that the local NGOs successfully identified landholdings where ecological, legal, social and some financial hurdles had already been crossed, and helped landholders over the final financial hurdle by funding critical cost components. This cost
    08/2015; 3. DOI:10.3389/fevo.2015.00088
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