Molecular analysis of Streptococcus pneumoniae clones causing invasive disease in children in Singapore
ABSTRACT Streptococcus pneumoniae remains a leading cause of serious paediatric disease. However, there are few published epidemiological data regarding invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in many countries in South East Asia, including Singapore. Baseline data for IPD are essential to inform policy regarding pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) use in Singapore. To our knowledge, this is the first study to use multilocus sequence typing (MLST) to investigate clonal relationships among Singaporean IPD isolates. We characterized 86 invasive pneumococci isolated from Singaporean children between 2001 and 2006 using serotyping and MLST. The objectives were to compare Singaporean MLST data to worldwide data and to assess serotype distribution in relation to current PCV formulations. We observed 50 sequence types (STs), a high proportion of which (n = 16) were novel STs. Despite the presence of these novel STs, serotype distribution was similar to that observed elsewhere. Serotypes 14, 6B, 19A and 19F accounted for 85 % of IPD cases. PCV7, PCV10 and PCV13 covered 85 %, 86 % and 97 % of IPD isolates, respectively. We have demonstrated a pressing need for larger studies to determine the molecular epidemiology and antibiotic susceptibility of circulating pneumococcal clones from both carriage and disease in Singapore.
- SourceAvailable from: Elita Jauneikaite
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- "Studies investigating the prevalence of serotypes, genotypes and antibiotic-resistant pneumococcal isolates in IPD in Singaporean children and adult populations were reported previously.4,5,6,7,8,9,10 The seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7)—Prevnar (Pfizer, New York, USA) covers serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F and 23F, and has been available on demand in Singapore since its approval in 200511 and was added to the childhood immunization programme in October 2009.11,12,13 "
ABSTRACT: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of sepsis, meningitis and respiratory disease worldwide. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) have now been implemented in many countries worldwide, including Singapore. To evaluate the effectiveness of these vaccines, pneumococcal surveillance studies are required. Detailed and unified pneumococcal epidemiology data are currently scarce in South East Asia. Thus, we present data on invasive pneumococcal (IPD) isolates from Singapore that could assist in evaluating the effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccine in Singapore. One hundred and fifty-nine invasive pneumococcal disease isolates were received by the National Public Health Laboratory in Singapore between June 2009 and August 2010. Isolates were characterized using serotyping and multilocus sequence typing. Twenty-four different serotypes were found, the most common of which were 19A, 3, 7F, 23F, 6B, 14, 8 and 19F (in rank order). One hundred and two sequence types were observed, of which 38 were novel due to new alleles or new combinations of already existing alleles. Based on the Simpson’s Index of Diversity, serotypes 3, 6B and 19A were the most genetically diverse. Novel sequence types were more prevalent among conjugate vaccine serotypes 3, 19F and 23F and non-conjugate vaccine serotype 8, serogroup 15 and in non-typable isolates. We have demonstrated considerable genetic diversity among invasive pneumococci before and during the widespread use of conjugate vaccines in Singapore. Approximately half of all novel IPD clones identified in this study were non-conjugate vaccine serotypes. Although PCVs would target the most common serotypes, the high genetic diversity in non-vaccine serotypes would require further surveillance studies.Emerging Microbes and Infections 06/2014; DOI:10.1038/emi.2014.37 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines necessitates continued monitoring of circulating strains to assess vaccine efficacy and replacement serotypes. Conventional serological methods are costly, labor-intensive, and prone to misidentification, while current DNA-based methods have limited serotype coverage requiring multiple PCR primers. In this study, a computer algorithm was developed to interrogate the capsulation locus (cps) of vaccine serotypes to locate primer pairs in conserved regions that border variable regions and could differentiate between serotypes. In silico analysis of cps from 92 serotypes indicated that a primer pair spanning the regulatory gene cpsB could putatively amplify 84 serotypes and differentiate 46. This primer set was specific to Streptococcus pneumoniae, with no amplification observed for other species, including S. mitis, S. oralis, and S. pseudopneumoniae. One hundred thirty-eight pneumococcal strains covering 48 serotypes were tested. Of 23 vaccine serotypes included in the study, most (19/22, 86%) were identified correctly at least to the serogroup level, including all of the 13-valent conjugate vaccine and other replacement serotypes. Reproducibility was demonstrated by the correct sequetyping of different strains of a serotype. This novel sequence-based method employing a single PCR primer pair is cost-effective and simple. Furthermore, it has the potential to identify new serotypes that may evolve in the future.Journal of clinical microbiology 05/2012; 50(7):2419-27. DOI:10.1128/JCM.06384-11 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In Malaysia, various aspects of the epidemiology of pneumococcal carriage and disease remain largely unclear due to the lack of supporting data. Although a number of relevant studies have been documented, their individual discrete findings are not sufficient to inform experts on pneumococcal epidemiology at a national level. Therefore, in this review we aim to bring together and systematically evaluate the key information regarding pneumococcal disease epidemiology in Malaysia and provide a comprehensive overview of the data. Major aspects discussed include pneumococcal carriage, disease incidence and prevalence, age factors, invasiveness of pneumococci, serotypes, molecular epidemiology and antibiotic susceptibility. Penicillin resistance is increasingly prevalent and studies suggest that the majority of pneumococcal serotypes causing pneumococcal disease in Malaysia are covered by currently available conjugate vaccines. Continued surveillance is needed to provide a better understanding of pneumococcal epidemiology in Malaysia.Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy 06/2012; 10(6):707-19. DOI:10.1586/eri.12.54 · 3.46 Impact Factor