Article

Anti-allergic effect of the flavonoid myricitrin from Myrica rubra leaf extracts in vitro and in vivo

Department of Cooperative Medical Research, Collaboration Center, Shimane University, Izumo, Japan.
Natural product research (Impact Factor: 1.23). 02/2011; 25(4):374-80. DOI: 10.1080/14786411003774320
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Flavonoids are ingested by the general population as anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agents. In this study, we investigated the effects of myricitrin, a flavonoid rich in Myrica rubra leaf, upon anti-inflammatory action. Myrica rubra leaf extracts inhibited pro-inflammatory TNFα production in a macrophage cell line, Raw264.7 cells. We observed that the serum IgE levels in the leaf extract-treated DO11.10, a mouse allergy model, were down-regulated. HPLC was performed to demonstrate that M. rubra leaf extracts contain a large amount of myricitrin. We observed an inhibitory effect of HPLC-purified myricitrin on TNFα production in Raw264.7 cells. Thus, myricitrin may be of potential interest in the management of inflammatory conditions.

1 Follower
 · 
110 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Campomanesia velutina (Cambess) O. Berg, Myrtaceae, popularly known as “gabiroba” or “guavira”, is used in traditional Brazilian medicine to treat several diseases, including inflammation and rheumatism. Extraction and isolation from leaves of the plant afforded the active compound myricetin 3-O-rhamnoside, also known as myricitrin. The ethanolic extract of leaves of C. velutina and its ethyl acetate and methanolic fractions were evaluated in inflammation (carrageenan-induced paw oedema) and analgesic models (acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing and hot plate test). Moreover, the ethanolic extract, its fractions and the isolated compound were also in vitro evaluated for their ability to modulate NO, TNF-α and IL-10 production from J774A.1 macrophages stimulated by LPS/IFN-γ. In vivo assays showed remarkable anti-inflammatory activity of ethanolic extract, ethyl acetate and methanolic fractions. The antinociceptive activity of ethanolic extract and A was demonstrated in acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing test. In vitro assays demonstrated that ethyl acetate and methanolic fractions fraction and myricitrin inhibited NO production from macrophages J774A.1. Also Myricitrin induced production of IL-10 anti-inflammatory cytokine. None of the samples was able to inhibited TNF-α production. The results demonstrated for the first time the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity of C. velutina.
    Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 11/2013; 23(6):927–936. DOI:10.1590/S0102-695X2013000600010 · 0.80 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Monoclonal non-specific suppressor factor β (MNSFβ) is a ubiquitously expressed member of the ubiquitin-like family that is involved in various biological functions. Previous studies have demonstrated that MNSFβ covalently binds to intracellular pro-apoptotic protein Bcl-G and regulates apoptosis in macrophages. In this study, we demonstrate that MNSFβ negatively regulates T cell function. In murine T-helper type 2 clone, D10.G4.1 (D10) cells transfected with MNSFβ cDNA, CD3/CD28-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation leading to IL-4 production was significantly inhibited. The formation of MNSFβ-Bcl-G complex was induced by the CD3/CD28 stimulation. Co-transfection with MNSFβ and Bcl-G greatly enhanced CD3/CD28-induced apoptosis in D10 cells. Similarly, co-over-expression of MNSFβ and Bcl-G caused a marked enhancement of apoptosis in purified splenic T cells. Interestingly, this MNSFβ adduct was also induced in T cells derived from DO11.10 mice stimulated with antigen. Collectively, CD3/CD28-inducible MNSFβ-Bcl-G complex may be involved in the regulation of T cell function and survival.
    Immunological investigations 09/2014; 44(1):1-12. DOI:10.3109/08820139.2014.909454 · 1.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Myricetin-3-O-α-rhamnoside (myricitrin) is a naturally occurring phenolic compound which possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. The aim of this study was to determine the hepatoprotective effects of myricitrin. Myricitrin at doses of 10, 30 and 100 mg/kg and silymarin at dose of 100 mg/kg were administered to BALB/cN mice by oral gavage, once daily for two consecutive days following carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-intoxication. Myricitrin significantly ameliorated CCl4-induced increase in serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) levels and histopathological changes in the liver. Hepatic oxidative stress was reduced by myricitrin, as evidenced by the decrease in lipid peroxidation, with concomitant increase in glutathione (GSH) level and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) expression. In addition, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) overexpression in the liver was reduced, suggesting the suppression of inflammation. The expression of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) was markedly ameliorated, indicating the inhibition of profibrotic response. Myricitrin also improved the regeneration of hepatic tissue after CCl4-intoxication, as evidenced by increased proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression. The results of the current study suggest that myricitrin exhibits a significant hepatoprotective activity. Myricitrin provided better hepatoprotection when compared to silymarin, which is consistent with its higher in vitro antioxidant potential. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Chemico-Biological Interactions 02/2015; 230. DOI:10.1016/j.cbi.2015.01.030 · 2.98 Impact Factor