Induction of hypocrellin production by Triton X-100 under submerged fermentation with Shiraia sp. SUPER-H168.
ABSTRACT Hypocrellins are important photodynamic therapy compounds for cancer disease. The effect of surfactants on hypocrellin production of Shiraia sp. SUPER-H168 was evaluated under submerged fermentation condition. The production of hypocrellins could reach 780.6 mg/l with the addition of Triton X-100, confirmed by color reaction, high performance liquid chromatography, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance experiments. According to our observation, treatment of the culture at the beginning of the fermentation was most effective, and the yield of hypocrellins was much lower with the addition of Triton X-100 during the log phase and stationary phase. Shiraia sp. SUPER-H168 could not produce hypocrellin with the addition of other tested surfactants, such as Tween 40, Triton X-114 and SDS. The experimental results indicated that Shiraia sp. SUPER-H168 could not produce hypocrellins without Triton X-100 under submerged fermentation condition.
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ABSTRACT: Some endophyte isolates were isolated in a bamboo pole sample parasitized the fungus Shiraia bambusicola from Zhejiang Province. After screening through hypocrellin bacteriostatic effect and fermentation test, we got the isolate TX4 of bacterial elicitor and GZUIFR-TT1 of fungal elicitor which had certain effect to promote S. bambusicola to produce hypocrellin. The Plackett-Burman design was introduced to evaluate the effects of nine factors based on single-factor test. Yeast extract, glucose, and isolate GZUIFR-TT1 elicitor were found to be the critical activity factors for increasing the total hypocrellin production. So we identified the isolate GZUIFR-TT1 as Trametes sp. Through response surface methodology, we obtained the optimum production conditions as follows: yeast extract, 2.99 g/L; glucose, 32.45 g/L; and Trametes sp. elicitor, 81.40 μg/mL. Under the above conditions, the experimental value of hypocrellin production was 102.60 mg/L, compared with the control it increased about 7.90 times.Folia Microbiologica 11/2012; · 0.79 Impact Factor