Article

Cyclic di-GMP activation of polynucleotide phosphorylase signal-dependent RNA processing.

Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas,TX 75390-9038, USA.
Journal of Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 3.91). 02/2011; 407(5):633-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2011.02.019
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The second messenger cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) is implicated in key lifestyle decisions of bacteria, including biofilm formation and changes in motility and virulence. Some challenges in deciphering the physiological roles of c-di-GMP are the limited knowledge about the cellular targets of c-di-GMP, the signals that control its levels, and the proportion of free cellular c-di-GMP, if any. Here, we identify the target and the regulatory signal for a c-di-GMP-responsive Escherichia coli ribonucleoprotein complex. We show that a direct c-di-GMP target in E. coli is polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase), an important enzyme in RNA metabolism that serves as a 3' polyribonucleotide polymerase or a 3'-to-5' exoribonuclease. We further show that a complex of polynucleotide phosphorylase with the direct oxygen sensors DosC and DosP can perform oxygen-dependent RNA processing. We conclude that c-di-GMP can mediate signal-dependent RNA processing and that macromolecular complexes can compartmentalize c-di-GMP signaling.

1 Bookmark
 · 
91 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The enterobacterium Escherichia coli can utilize a variety of molecules as sulfur sources, including cysteine, sulfate, thiosulfate and organosulfonates. An intermediate of the sulfate assimilation pathway, adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS), also acts as a signal molecule regulating the utilization of different sulfur sources. In this work, we show that inactivation of the cysH gene, leading to accumulation of phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS), also an intermediate of the sulfate assimilation pathway, results in increased surface adhesion and cell aggregation by activating the expression of the curli-encoding csgBAC operon. In contrast, curli production was unaffected by the inactivation of any other gene belonging to the sulfate assimilation pathway. Overexpression of the cysH gene down-regulated csgBAC transcription, further suggesting a link between intracellular PAPS levels and curli gene expression. In addition to curli components, the Flu, OmpX and Slp proteins were also found in increased amounts in the outer membrane compartment of the cysH mutant; deletion of the corresponding genes suggested that these proteins also contribute to surface adhesion and cell surface properties in this strain. Our results indicate that, similar to APS, PAPS also acts as a signal molecule, albeit with distinct mechanism and role: while APS regulates organosulfonate utilization, PAPS would couple availability of sulfur sources to re-modulation of the cell surface, as part of a more global effect on cell physiology.
    Microbiology 09/2014; · 3.06 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In contrast to numerous enzymes involved in c-di-GMP synthesis and degradation in enterobacteria, only a handful of c-di-GMP receptors/effectors have been identified. In search of new c-di-GMP receptors, we screened the Escherichia coli ASKA overexpression gene library using the Differential Radial Capillary Action of Ligand Assay (DRaCALA) with fluorescently and radioisotope-labeled c-di-GMP. We uncovered three new candidate c-di-GMP receptors in E. coli and characterized one of them, BcsE. The bcsE gene is encoded in cellulose synthase operons in representatives of Gammaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria. The purified BcsE proteins from E. coli, Salmonella enterica and Klebsiella pneumoniae bind c-di-GMP via the domain of unknown function, DUF2819, which is hereby designated GIL, GGDEF I-site like domain. The RxGD motif of the GIL domain is required for c-di-GMP binding, similar to the c-di-GMP-binding I-site of the diguanylate cyclase GGDEF domain. Thus, GIL is the second protein domain, after PilZ, dedicated to c-di-GMP-binding. We show that in S. enterica, BcsE is not essential for cellulose synthesis but is required for maximal cellulose production, and that c-di-GMP binding is critical for BcsE function. It appears that cellulose production in enterobacteria is controlled by a two-tiered c-di-GMP-dependent system involving BcsE and the PilZ domain containing glycosyltransferase BcsA.
    Molecular Microbiology 06/2014; · 5.03 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli Direct Oxygen Sensor (Ec DOS, also known as Ec DosP) is a heme-based O2-sensing phosphodiesterase from Escherichia coli that catalyzes the conversion of cyclic-di-GMP to linear di-GMP. Cyclic-di-GMP is an important second messenger in bacteria, highlighting the importance of understanding structure-function relationships of Ec DOS. Ec DOS is composed of an N-terminal heme-bound O2-sensing PAS domain and a C-terminal phosphodiesterase catalytic domain. Notably, its activity is markedly enhanced by O2 binding to the heme Fe(II) complex in the PAS sensor domain. X-ray crystal structures and spectroscopic and catalytic characterization of the wild-type and mutant proteins have provided important structural and functional clues to understanding the molecular mechanism of intramolecular catalytic regulation by O2 binding. This review summarizes the intriguing findings that have obtained for Ec DOS.
    Biosensors. 01/2013; 3(2):211-37.