Temporal abscess after third molar extraction in the mandible.
ABSTRACT Dental infections resulting before or after third molar removal are complications in which the maxillofacial surgeon may have to initiate an earlier management. The severe dental infections resulting before or after this procedure is one of the few life-threatening complications in which the maxillofacial surgeon may have to initiate an earlier management. Infections involving the temporal space are rare and infrequently reported. Infections in this space have also been observed secondary to maxillary sinusitis, maxillary sinus fracture, temporomandibular arthroscopy, and drug injection, although more commonly associated to third molar infections.
A 22-year-old man had undergone extraction of tooth 38 secondary to pericoronaritis by a general dentist. Physical examination of his face demonstrated severe trismus, pain, and swelling in temporal region. A CT scan showed an inflammatory area into the temporal space. He was started on IV cephalosporin, but the clinical course of the patient was not satisfactory. Incision and drainage were performed from an extraoral and intraoral approach. After discharged, the antibiotic was switched to clindamycin IO 600 mg.
The retromaxillary and temporal infections are quite common after maxillary molar extractions but not after mandibular third molar, the spread mechanism of ascension must be involved with the virulence of microorganisms, but more studies are necessary to clarify this occurrence.
- Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 07/2000; 58(6):682-5. · 1.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aims of the present study were to clarify the anatomy of impacted mandibular third molars in relation to surrounding structures and to investigate the pathway of infection originating from pericoronitis of this tooth. Computed tomography (CT) images were evaluated in 87 patients with uninfected mandibular third molar impaction and in 12 patients with infection originating from an impacted mandibular third molar. In uninfected patients, bony features around the impacted crown were investigated together with the relationship between the crown and surrounding muscles. In infected patients, involvements of bony and soft tissue structures were evaluated according to the disappearance of cortices and lateral asymmetry of density and shape in the spaces and muscles. In uninfected patients, the disappearance of the lingual cortical plate was observed in 48 (35.3%) impacted molars, while only in 11 (8.1%) teeth for buccal cortices. The cortical thickness was thinner on the lingual side than the buccal side. Sixty-five percent of the masseter muscle horizontally overlapped the crown, while almost all of the medial pterygoid muscle was posteriorly situated apart from the crown. The mylohyoid muscle horizontally overlapped the crown at below or intermediate vertical positions. In infected patients, the involvement of lingual structures was more frequently observed than that of buccal structures. The mylohyoid muscle was involved in 10 (83.3%) of 12 patients. Among them, 8 showed submandibular space involvement. CT findings supported the clinical observations of infection spread in patients with pericoronitis of the impacted mandibular third molar. CT appeared to be an effective tool for investigating the pathway of infection originating from the pericoronitis of impacted mandibular third molars.Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 12/2004; 98(5):589-97.
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ABSTRACT: A 52-year-old white man came to our hospital with obscure signs of disease. Multiple laboratory tests, radiographs, and examinations ruled out aseptic meningitis, bacterial endocarditis, cerebral artery aneurysm, and other possibilities. A brain abscess was finally diagnosed. The teeth and their surrounding tissues were implicated as the etiologic factors. The importance of odontogenic sources as potential foci of infection is emphasized. This sequel to odontogenic infection is quite rare, but it can be prevented by removal of chronically carious teeth and periapical pathosis.Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology 05/1979; 47(4):303-6.