Cutting Edge: Intravenous Ig Inhibits Invariant NKT Cell-Mediated Allergic Airway Inflammation through Fc gamma RIIIA-Dependent Mechanisms

Unité Mixte de Recherche 8147, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Hôpital Necker, Paris 75783, France.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 5.36). 02/2011; 186(6):3289-93. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1003076
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Despite their increasing use in autoimmune, inflammatory, and allergic conditions, the mechanism of action of i.v. Igs (IVIg) is poorly understood. On the basis of the critical role of invariant NKT (iNKT) cells in allergic airway inflammation (AAI) and their constitutive expression of the low-affinity IgG receptor FcγRIIIA, we surmised that IVIg targets iNKT cells to exert their anti-inflammatory effect. We found that IVIg treatment significantly inhibited AAI in OVA-sensitized C57BL/6 mice and downregulated α-galactosylceramide-induced iNKT cell activation and cytokine production. Allergic responses were restored in iNKT cell-deficient mice by transferring iNKT cells from PBS- but not from IVIg-treated mice, suggesting that IVIg acts directly on activated iNKT cells that have a critical role in AAI. The inhibitory effects of IVIg on both iNKT cell activation/function and OVA-driven AAI were lost in FcγRIIIA(-/-) mice. Our data unravel an FcγRIIIA-dependent inhibitory effect of IVIg on activated iNKT cells that confers protection in AAI.

Download full-text


Available from: Jean-Marc Gombert, Feb 18, 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Crosstalk exists between the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems, and perturbations in these interactions have been associated with disease. This includes production of neuroendocrine factors that alter immune system activity and increase susceptibility to or severity of immune-related conditions, such as myasthenia gravis (MG)--a T-cell-dependent, B-cell-mediated autoimmune disorder. MG results from impairment of transmission to the neuromuscular junction and involves the thymus--especially in early-onset disease, but the exact mechanism by which the thymus impacts disease is unclear. MG afflicts millions of individuals worldwide each year, and both men and women can develop symptoms. However, prevalence and age of onset differs between men and women. Women exhibit higher incidence and earlier age of onset compared to men, and disease fluctuates during pregnancy. This suggests that sex hormones play a role in influencing disease outcome. In this review, we will consider what is known about the manifestation of MG, theories on how different forms of MG are influenced or alleviated by steroid hormones, current treatment options, and what measures could be important to consider in the future.
    NeuroImmunoModulation 01/2011; 18(5):320-7. DOI:10.1159/000329491 · 1.78 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: NKT cells are a heterogeneous subset of specialized, self-reactive T cells, with innate and adaptive immune properties, which allow them to bridge innate and adaptive immunity and profoundly influence autoimmune and malignant disease outcomes. NKT cells mediate these activities through their ability to rapidly express pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines that influence the type and magnitude of the immune response. Not only do NKT cells regulate the functions of other cell types, but experimental evidence has found NKT cell subsets can modulate the functions of other NKT subsets. Depending on underlying mechanisms, NKT cells can inhibit or exacerbate autoimmunity and malignancy, making them potential targets for disease intervention. NKT cells can respond to foreign and endogenous antigenic glycolipid signals that are expressed during pathogenic invasion or ongoing inflammation, respectively, allowing them to rapidly react to and influence a broad array of diseases. In this article we review the unique development and activation pathways of NKT cells and focus on how these attributes augment or exacerbate autoimmune disorders and malignancy. We also examine the growing evidence that NKT cells are involved in liver inflammatory conditions that can contribute to the development of malignancy.
    Immunotherapy 10/2011; 3(10):1167-84. DOI:10.2217/imt.11.117 · 2.44 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The success of Fc-fusion bio-therapeutics has spurred the development of other Fc-fusion products for treating and/or vaccinating against a range of diseases. We describe a method to modulate their function by converting them into well-defined stable polymers. This strategy resulted in cylindrical hexameric structures revealed by tapping mode atomic force microscopy (AFM). Polymeric Fc-fusions were significantly less immunogenic than their dimeric or monomeric counterparts, a result partly owing to their reduced ability to interact with critical Fc-receptors. However, in the absence of the fusion partner, polymeric IgG1-Fc molecules were capable of binding selectively to FcγRs, with significantly increased affinity owing to their increased valency, suggesting that these reagents may prove of immediate utility in the development of well-defined replacements for intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy. Overall, these findings establish an effective IgG Fc-fusion based polymeric platform with which the therapeutic and vaccination applications of Fc-fusion immune-complexes can now be explored.
    Scientific Reports 10/2011; 1:124. DOI:10.1038/srep00124 · 5.58 Impact Factor